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Nymphalidae

Charaxinae

Niklas Wahlberg


The subfamily Charaxinae comprises 402 species that are placed into 17 genera and 6 tribes: Charaxini, Pallini, Prothoini, Anaeini, Anaeomorphini and Preponini . They are the sister group to Satyrinae. The charaxines are well-known for their extremely powerful flight. The phylogenetic relationships have been studied, especially within tribes.

Key publications for Charaxinae systematics:

  1. Aduse-Poku, K., Vingerhoedt, E. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Out-of-Africa again: a phylogenetic hypothesis of the genus Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on 5 gene regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 463-478. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.021
  2. Müller, C. J., Wahlberg, N. & Beheregaray , L. B. 2010: 'After Africa' - The evolutionary history and systematics of the genus Charaxes Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Indo-Pacific Region. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 457-481. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01426.x
  3. Ortiz-Acevedo, E., Bonfantti, D., Casagrande, M., Mielke, O. H. H., Espeland, M. & Willmott, K. R. 2017: Using molecules and morphology to unravel the systematics of Neotropical preponine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Charaxinae: Preponini). Insect Systematics and Diversity 1: 48–56
  4. Ortiz-Acevedo, E. & Willmott, K. R. 2013: Molecular systematics of the butterfly tribe Preponini (Nymphalidae: Charaxinae). Systematic Entomology 38: 440-449
  5. Rydon, A. H. B. 1971. The systematics of the Charaxidae (Lepidoptera: Nymphaloidea). Entomologists Record 83: 219-233, 283-287, 310-316, 336-341, 384-388.
  6. Smiles, R. L. 1982. The taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Polyura Billberg (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 44: 115-237.
  7. Toussaint, E. F. A., Morinière, J., Müller, C. J., Kunte, K., Turlin, B., Hausmann, A. & Balke, M. 2015: Comparative molecular species delimitation in the charismatic Nawab butterflies (Nymphalidae, Charaxinae, Polyura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 91: 194-209.doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.05.015