Afternoon sessions

Behavioural and neurological aspects of ecological adaptation and speciation

Organized by

Stephen Montgomery and Richard Merrill

It is now widely accepted that adaptation to different ecological niches can result in the evolution of new species. As such, a major goal of evolutionary biology has been to characterize the adaptations between populations that contribute to ecological divergence and speciation. Although most studies have concentrated on structural adaptations, such as colour pattern, shifts in behaviour may be especially important in generating both reproductive and ecological isolation. These behavioural differences may be genetically determined or acquired (learnt). Behavioural plasticity has been shown to allow short-term adjustments to environmental change and it has been suggested that plasticity in host-use may facilitate speciation in butterflies. However, models suggest the benefits of plasticity are transitory and may only increase fitness during the initial colonization of new niches, raising questions over the relative contribution of plasticity and genetically determined differences in behaviour to ecological adaptation and speciation.

Oral presentations

Only presenting author shown

13:30-14:10 Keynote presentation
Neuroethology of monarch butterfly migration
Steven M. Reppert

Perceptual Biases and Visual Attraction: The Role of Perception in Reproductive Isolation
Erica L. Westerman

Heliconius mimicry rings in a new light: Light environment and signaling
Brett M. Seymoure

Nutrition as a constraint on brain and life history evolution: a comparative study across butterflies
Emilie Snell-Rood

Ecological genetics of life history and host plant adaptation in the Glanville fritillary butterfly
Maaike de Jong

Specialist and generalist oviposition strategies in butterflies: maternal care or precocious young?
Alexander Schäpers

Genetic and environmental constraints on protectiveness of coloration: a genetic trade-off between efficacy of adult and larval warning coloration in an aposematic moth
Carita Lindstedt

Relative effectiveness of blue and orange warning colors at deterring naïve avian predators
Kimberly Pegram

Heritability of Bright Coloration in the Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor)
Rachel Olzer

The erroneous courtship hypothesis: do butterflies really engage in aerial wars of attrition?
Takeuchi Tsuyoshi