List of Niklas Wahlberg's Publications

Articles in refereed journals:

In reverse chronological order
Open access = Open Access, click on DOI link to download a pdf.
(see or Google Scholar for citation statistics)


  1. Chazot, N., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., Mitter, C., Labandeira, C., Sohn, J.-C., Sahoo, R. K., Seraphim, N., de Jong, R. & Heikkilä, M. 2018: The trials and tribulations of priors and posteriors in Bayesian timing of divergence analyses: the age of butterflies revisited. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/259184, published version doi:10.1093/sysbio/syz002 Open access
  2. Keegan, K., Lafontaine, J. D., Wahlberg, N. & Wagner, D. 2018: Towards Resolving and Redefining Amphipyrinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae): a Massively Polyphyletic Taxon. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/271478, published version doi:10.1111/syen.12336
  3. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2018: Species limits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Reconciling classical taxonomy with the multispecies coalescent. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/451039, published version doi:10.1111/syen.12352 Open access
  4. Rota, J., Malm, T., & Wahlberg, N. 2017: A simple method for data partitioning based on relative evolutionary rates. PeerJ Preprints. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3414v1, published version doi:10.7717/peerj.5498 Open access
  5. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., DeVries, P. J., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2019: Mesoamerica is a cradle and the Brazilian Atlantic Forest is a museum of Neotropical butterfly diversity (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Brassolini). BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/762393
  6. Wiemers, M., Chazot, N., Wheat, C. W., Schweiger, O. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: A complete time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny of the European butterflies. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/844175, published version doi:10.3897/zookeys.938.50878 Open access
  7. Chazot, N., Condamine, F., Dudas, G., Peña, C. Matos-Maravi, P., Freitas, A. V. L., Willmott, K. R., Elias, M., Warren, A., Aduse-Poku, K., Lohman, D. J., Penz, C. M., DeVries, P., Kodandaramaiah, U., Fric, Z. F., Nylin, S., Muller, C., Wheat, C., Kawahara, A. Y., Silva-Brandão, K. L., Lamas, G., Zubek, A., Ortiz-Acevedo, E., Vila, R., Vane-Wright, R. I., Mullen, S. P., Jiggins, C. D., Slamova, I. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: The latitudinal diversity gradient in brush-footed butterflies (Nymphalidae): conserved ancestral tropical niche but different continental histories. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.04.16.045575
  8. Duplouy, A., Pranter, R., Warren-Gash, H., Tropek, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: Unravelling Wolbachia global exchange: a contribution from the Bicyclus and Mylothris butterflies in the Afrotropics. Research Square doi:10.21203/
  9. Twort, V. G., Minet, J., Wheat, C. W., Wahlberg, N. 2020: Museomics of a rare taxon: placing Whalleyanidae in the Lepidoptera Tree of Life. BioArxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.08.18.255182 Open access


  1. Duplouy, A., Pranter, R., Warren-Gash, H., Tropek, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: Towards unravelling Wolbachia global exchange: a contribution from the Bicyclus and Mylothris butterflies in the Afrotropics. BMC Microbiology, in press.
  2. van der Bijl, W., Zeuss, D., Chazot, N., Tunström, K., Wahlberg, N., Wiklund, C., Pitzpatrick, J. L. & Wheat, C. W. 2020: Butterfly dichromatism primarily evolved via Darwin’s, not Wallace’s, model. Evolution Letters, in press.
  3. Cassel-Lundhagen, A., Schmitt, T., Wahlberg, N., Sarvašová, L., Konvička, M., Ryrholm, N. & Kaňuch, P. 2020: Wing morphology of the butterfly Coenonympha arcania in Europe: traces of both historical isolation in glacial refugia and current adaptation. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, in press. doi:10.1111/jzs.12360
  4. Ma, L., Zhang, Y., Lohman, D. J., Wahlberg, N., Ma, F., Nylin, S., Janz, N., Yago, M., Aduse-Poku, K., Peggie, D., Wang, M., Zhang, P. & Wang, H. 2020: A phylogenomic tree inferred with an inexpensive PCR-generated probe kit resolves higher-level relationships among Neptis butterflies (Nymphalidae: Limenitidinae). Systematic Entomology 45: 924-934. doi:10.1111/syen.12435
  5. Chen, L., Wahlberg, N., Liao, C.-Q., Wang, C.-B., Ma, F.-Z. & Huang, G.-H. 2020: Fourteen complete mitochondrial genomes of butterflies from the genus Lethe (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) with mitogenome-based phylogenetic analysis. Genomics 112: 4435-4441. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2020.07.042
  6. Wiemers, M., Chazot, N., Wheat, C. W., Schweiger, O. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: A complete time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny of the European butterflies. ZooKeys 938: 97-124. doi:10.3897/zookeys.938.50878 Open access
  7. Sihvonen, P., Murillo-Ramos, L., Brehm, G., Staude H. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: Molecular phylogeny of Sterrhinae moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): towards a global classification. Systematic Entomology 45: 606-634. doi:10.1111/syen.12418 Open access
  8. Wahlberg, N., Marešová, J., Murillo-Ramos, L., Collins, S. & Wu, L.-W. 2020: The phylogenetic positions of Bhagadatta Moore, 1898, Kumothales Overlaet, 1940 and Harmilla Aurivillius, 1892 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Limenitidinae) based on molecular data. Nota Lepidopterologica 43: 167-171. doi:10.3897/nl.43.50307 Open access
  9. Bartoňová, A. S., Konvička, M., Marešová, J., Kolev, Z., Wahlberg, N. & Fric, Z. F. 2020: Recently lost connectivity in the Western Palaearctic steppes: the case of a scarce specialist butterfly. Conservation Genetics 21: 561-575. doi:10.1007/s10592-020-01271-9
  10. Molleman, F., Javoiš, J., Davis, R. B., Whitaker, M. R. L., Tammaru, T., Prinzing, A., Õunap, E., Wahlberg, N., Kodandaramaiah, U., Aduse-Poku, K., Kaasik, A. & Carey, J. R. 2020: Quantifying the effects of species traits on predation risk in nature: a comparative study of butterfly wing damage. Journal of Animal Ecology 89: 716-729. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.13139
  11. Núñez, R., Genaro, J. A., Pérez-Asso, A., Murillo-Ramos, L., Janzen, D. H., Hallwachs, W., Wahlberg, N. & Hausmann, A. 2020: Species delimitation and evolutionary relationships among Phoebis New World sulphur butterflies (Lepidoptera, Pieridae, Coliadinae). Systematic Entomology 45: 481-492. doi:10.1111/syen.12408
  12. Warren-Gash, H., Aduse-Poku, K., Murillo-Ramos, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2020: Systematics and evolution of the African butterfly genus Mylothris (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Nota Lepidopterologica 43: 1-14. doi:10.3897/nl.43.46354 Open access
  13. Bakker, F. T., Antonelli, A., Clarke, J., Cook, J. A., Edwards, S., Ericson, P. G. P., Faurby, S., Ferrand, N., Gelang, M., Gillespie, R., Irestedt, M., Lundin, K., Larsson, E., Matos-Maraví, P., Müller, J., von Proschwitz, T., Roderick, G. Schliep, A., Wahlberg, N. & Källersjö, M. 2020: The Global Museum: natural history collections and the future of evolutionary biology and public education. PeerJ 8: e8225. doi:10.7717/peerj.8225 Open access
  14. 2019

  15. Brehm, G., Murillo-Ramos, L., Sihvonen, P., Hausmann, A., Schmidt, B. C., Õunap, E., Moser, A., Mörtter, R., Bolt, D., Bodner, F., Lindt, A., Parra, L. E. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: New World geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, taxonomic updates and description of 11 new tribes. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 77: 417-431. doi:10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5 Open access
  16. Arrizabalaga-Escudero, A., Merckx, T., García-Baquero, G., Wahlberg, N., Aizpurua, O., Garin, I., Goiti, U. & Aihartza, J. 2019: Trait-based functional dietary analysis provides a better insight into the foraging ecology of bats. Journal of Animal Ecology 88: 1587-1600. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.13055
  17. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2019: Species limits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Reconciling classical taxonomy with the multispecies coalescent. Systematic Entomology 44: 745-756. doi:10.1111/syen.12352 Open access
  18. Murillo-Ramos, L., Brehm, G., Sihvonen, P., Hausmann, A., Holm, S., Ghanavi, H. R., Õunap, E., Truuverk, A., Staude, H., Friedrich, E., Tammaru, T. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Geometridae (Lepidoptera) with a focus on enigmatic small subfamilies. PeerJ 7: e7386. doi:10.7717/peerj.7386 Open access
  19. Chazot, N., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., Mitter, C., Labandeira, C., Sohn, J.-C., Sahoo, R. K., Seraphim, N., de Jong, R. & Heikkilä, M. 2019: Priors and posteriors in Bayesian timing of divergence analyses: the age of butterflies revisited. Systematic Biology 68: 797-813. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syz002 Open access
  20. Nyman, T., Onstein, R. E., Silvestro, D., Wutke, S., Taeger, A., Wahlberg, N., Blank, S. M. & Malm, T. 2019: The early wasp plucks the flower: disparate extant diversity of sawfly superfamilies (Hymenoptera: 'Symphyta') may reflect asynchronous switching to angiosperm hosts. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 1-19. doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blz071
  21. Przybyłowicz, L., Lees, D. C., Zenker, M. M. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: Molecular systematics of the arctiine tribe Syntomini (Lepidoptera, Erebidae). Systematic Entomology 44: 624-637. doi:10.1111/syen.12343
  22. Matos-Maraví, P., Ritter, C. D., Barnes, C. J., Nielsen, M., Olsson, U., Wahlberg, N., Marquina, D., Sääksjärvi, I. & Antonelli, A. 2019: Biodiversity seen through the perspective of insects: 10 simple rules on methodological choices and experimental design for genomic studies. PeerJ 7: e6727. doi:10.7717/peerj.6727 Open access
  23. Keegan, K., Lafontaine, J. D., Wahlberg, N. & Wagner, D. 2019: Towards resolving and redefining Amphipyrinae: a massively polyphyletic taxon (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae). Systematic Entomology 44: 451-464. doi:10.1111/syen.12336, for an OA version see BioRxivOpen access
  24. Bravo, G. A., Antonelli, A., Bacon, C. D., Bartoszek, K., Blom, M. P. K., Huynh, S., Jones, G., Knowles, L. L., Lamichhaney, S., Marcussen, T., Morlon, H., Nakhleh, L. K., Oxelman, B., Pfeil, B., Schliep, A., Wahlberg, N., Werneck, F. P., Wiedenhoeft, J., Willows-Munro, S. & Edwards, S. V. 2019: Embracing heterogeneity: coalescing on the Tree of Life and the future of phylogenomics. PeerJ 7: e6399. doi:10.7717/peerj.6399 Open access
  25. Wang, H., Holloway, J. D., Wahlberg, N., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2019: Molecular phylogenetic and morphological studies on the systematic position of Heracula discivitta reveal a new subfamily of Pseudobistonidae (Lepidoptera: Geometroidea). Systematic Entomology 44: 211-225. doi:10.1111/syen.12326 Open access
  26. 2018

  27. Wiemers, M., Balletto, E., Dincă, V., Fric, Z. F., Lamas, G., Lukhtanov, V., Munguira, M. L., van Swaay, C. A. M., Vila, R., Vliegenthart, A., Wahlberg, N. & Verovnik, R. 2018: An updated checklist of the European butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). ZooKeys 811: 9-45. doi:10.3897/zookeys.811.28712 Open access
  28. Lee, K. M., Kivelä, S. M., Ivanov, V., Hausmann, A., Kaila, L., Wahlberg, N. & Mutanen, M. 2018: Information dropout patterns in RAD phylogenomics and a comparison with multilocus Sanger data in a species-rich moth genus. Systematic Biology 67: 925-939. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syy029
  29. Honkola, T., Ruokolainen, K., Syrjänen, K. J. J., Leinonen, U.-P., Tammi, I., Wahlberg, N. & Vesakoski, O. 2018: Evolution within a language: Environmental differences contribute to divergence of dialect groups. BMC Evolutionary Biology 18: 132. doi:10.1186/s12862-018-1238-6 Open access
  30. Kodandaramaiah, U., Braby, M. F., Grund, R., Müller, C. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: Phylogenetic relationships, biogeography and diversification of Coenonymphina butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): inter-continental dispersal of a southern Gondwanan group? Systematic Entomology 43: 798-809. doi:10.1111/syen.12303
  31. Rota, J., Malm, T., Chazot, N., Peña, C. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: A simple method for data partitioning based on relative evolutionary rates. PeerJ 6: e5498 doi:10.7717/peerj.5498 Open access
  32. Jusoh, W. F. A., Ballantyne, L., Lambkin, C. L., Hashim, N. R. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: The firefly genus Pteroptyx Olivier revisited (Coleoptera: Lampyridae: Luciolinae). Zootaxa 4456: 1-71. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4456.1.1
  33. Seraphim, N., Kaminski, L. A., DeVries, P. J., Penz, C., Callaghan, C., Wahlberg, N., Silva-Brandão, K. L. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2018: Molecular phylogeny and higher systematics of metalmark butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). Systematic Entomology 43: 407-425. doi:10.1111/syen.12282
  34. Sahoo, R. K., Lohman, D. J., Wahlberg, N., Müller, C. J., Brattström, O., Collins, S. C., Peggie, D., Aduse-Poku, K. & Kodandaramaiah, U. 2018: Evolution of Hypolimnas butterflies (Nymphalidae): Out-of-Africa origin and Wolbachia-mediated introgression. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 123: 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.02.001
  35. Dhungel, B. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: Molecular systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). PeerJ 6: e4311. doi:10.7717/peerj.4311 Open access
  36. 2017

  37. Wang, H., Holloway, J. D., Janz, N., Braga, M. P., Wahlberg, N., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2017: Polyphagy and diversification in tussock moths: support for the oscillation hypothesis from extreme generalists. Ecology and Evolution 7: 7975-7986. doi:10.1002/ece3.3350 Open access
  38. de Moya, R. S., Savage, W. K., Tenney, C., Bao, X., Wahlberg, N. & Hill, R. I. 2017: Interrelationships and diversification of Argynnis Fabricius and Speyeria Scudder butterflies. Systematic Entomology 42: 635-649. doi:10.1111/syen.12236 Open access
  39. Lehtonen, S., Silvestro, D., Karger, D. N., Scotese, C., Tuomisto, H., Kessler, M., Peña, C., Wahlberg, N. & Antonelli, A. 2017: Environmentally driven extinction and opportunistic origination explain fern diversification patterns. Scientific Reports 7: 4831. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-05263-7 Open access
  40. Wibowo, A., Wahlberg, N. & Vasemägi, A. 2017: DNA Barcoding of fish larvae reveals uncharacterized biodiversity in tropical peat swamps of New Guinea, Indonesia. Marine & Freshwater Research 68: 1079-1087. doi:10.1071/MF16078
  41. Ahola, V., Wahlberg, N. & Frilander, M. J. 2017: Butterfly genomics: insights from the genome of Melitaea cinxia. Annales Zoologici Fennici 54: 275-291. pdf Open access
  42. Tóth, J. P., Varga, Z., Verovnik, R., Wahlberg, N., Váradi, A. & Bereczki, J. 2017: Mito-nuclear discordance helps to reveal the phylogeographic patterns of Melitaea ornata (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 267-281. doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blw037
  43. Zenker, M. M., Wahlberg, N., Brehm, G., Teston, J. A., Przybylowicz, L., Pie, M. R. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2017: Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. Zoologica Scripta 46: 348-362. doi:10.1111/zsc.12202
  44. Aduse-Poku, K., Brakefield, P. M., Wahlberg, N. & Brattström, O. 2017: Expanded molecular phylogeny of the genus Bicyclus shows the importance of increased sampling for detecting semi-cryptic species and highlights potentials for future studies. Systematics and Biodiversity 15: 115-130. doi:10.1080/14772000.2016.1226979 Open access
  45. 2016

  46. Sahoo, R. K., Warren, A. D., Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z., Lukhtanov, V. A. & Kodandaramaiah, U. 2016: Ten genes and two topologies: an exploration of higher relationships in skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae). PeerJ 4: e2653. doi:10.7717/peerj.2653 Open access
  47. Rönkä, K., Mappes, J., Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2016: Putting Parasemia in its phylogenetic place: a molecular analysis of the subtribe Arctiina (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 41: 844-853. doi:10.1111/syen.12194 Open access
  48. Aduse-Poku, K., Lees, D. C., Brattström, O., Kodandaramaiah, U., Wahlberg, N. & Brakefield, P. M. 2016: Molecular phylogeny and generic-level taxonomy of the widespread palaeotropical 'Heteropsis clade' (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Mycalesina). Systematic Entomology 41: 717-731. doi:10.1111/syen.12183
  49. Wahlberg, N., Peña, C., Ahola, M., Wheat, C.W. & Rota, J. 2016: PCR primers for 30 novel gene regions in the nuclear genomes of Lepidoptera. ZooKeys 596: 129-141. doi:10.3897/zookeys.596.8399 Open access
  50. Freitas, A. V. L., Barbosa, E. P., Willmott, K. R., Wahlberg, N. & Lamas, G. 2016: 'Species' from two different butterfly genera combined into one: description of a new genus of Euptychiina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) with unusually variable wing pattern. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 60: 157-165. doi:10.1016/j.rbe.2016.01.004 Open access
  51. Janz, N., Braga, M. P., Wahlberg, N. & Nylin, S. 2016: On oscillations and flutterings - a reply to Hamm and Fordyce. Evolution 70: 1150-1155. doi:10.1111/evo.12927
  52. Björkgren, I., Alvarez, L., Blank, N., Balbach, M., Turunen, H., Laajala, T. D., Toivanen, J., Krutskikh, A., Wahlberg, N., Huhtaniemi, I., Poutanen, M., Wachten, D. & Sipilä, P. 2016: Targeted inactivation of the mouse epididymal beta-defensin 41 alters sperm flagellar beat pattern and zona pellucida binding. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 427: 143-154. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2016.03.013
  53. Vesterinen, E. J., Ruokolainen, L., Wahlberg, N., Peña, C., Roslin, T., Laine, V. N., Vasko, V., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Norrdahl, K. & Lilley, T. M. 2016: What you need is what you eat? Prey selection by the bat Myotis daubentonii. Molecular Ecology 25: 1581-1594. doi:10.1111/mec.13564
  54. Rota, J., Zacharczenko, B. V., Wahlberg, N., Zahiri, R., Schmidt, B. C. & Wagner, D. L. 2016: Phylogenetic relationships of Acronictinae with discussion of the abdominal courtship brush in Noctuidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 41: 416-429. doi:10.1111/syen.12162
  55. 2015

  56. Kaminski, L. A., Soares, G. R., Seraphim, N., Wahlberg, N., Marini-Filho, O. J. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2015: Natural history and systematic position of Rhetus belphegor (n. comb.) (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae), an endangered butterfly with narrow distribution in Southeast Brazil. Journal of Insect Conservation 19: 1141-1151. doi:10.1007/s10841-015-9829-7
  57. Heikkilä, M., Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N., Sihvonen, P. & Kaila, L. 2015: Elusive ditrysian phylogeny: an account of combining systematized morphology with molecular data (Lepidoptera). BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 260. doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0520-0 Open access
  58. Wang, H., Wahlberg, N., Holloway, J. D., Bergsten, J., Fan, X., Janzen, D. H., Hallwachs, W., Wen, L., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2015: Molecular phylogeny of Lymantriinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Erebidae) inferred from eight gene regions. Cladistics 31: 579-592. doi:10.1111/cla.12108
  59. Pellinen, M. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: A new species of Niganda Moore 1879, from Thailand and description of variation in the male genitalia and female facies of N. radialis Moore (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae, Ceirinae). Zootaxa 4033: 94-102. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4033.1.4
  60. Jaakkola, M., Ojanen, M., Hurme, E., Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N., Välimäki, P. & Kaitala, A. 2015: Morphological variation between populations of the expanding ectoparasitic Deer ked Lipoptena cervi (Diptera, Hippoboscidae) in Fennoscandia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116: 432-448. doi:10.1111/bij.12587
  61. Peña, C., Witthauer, H., Kleckova, I., Fric, Z. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: Adaptive radiations in butterflies: Evolutionary history of the genus Erebia (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116: 449-467. doi:10.1111/bij.12597
  62. Aduse-Poku, K., Brattström, O., Kodandaramaiah, U., Lees, D. C., Brakefield, P. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: Systematics and historical biogeography of the Old World butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 167. doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0449-3 Open access
  63. Edger, P. P., Heidel-Fischer, H. M., Bekaert, M., Rota, J., Glöckner, G., Platts, A. E., Heckel, D. G., Der, J., Wafula, E., Tang, M., Hofberger, J. A., Smithson, A., Hall, J. C., Blanchette, M., Bureau, T. E., Wright, S. I., dePamphilis, C. W., Schranz, M. E., Barker, M. S., Conant, G. C., Wahlberg, N., Vogel, H., Pires, J. C. & Wheat, C. W. 2015: The butterfly plant arms-race escalated by gene and genome duplications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 8362-8366. doi:10.1073/pnas.1503926112 Open access
  64. Rajaei, H. S., Greve, C., Letsch, H., Stüning, D., Wahlberg, N., Minet, J. & Misof, B. 2015: Advances in Geometroidea phylogeny, with characterization of a new family based on Pseudobiston pinratanai (Lepidoptera, Glossata). Zoologica Scripta 44: 418-436. doi:10.1111/zsc.12108
  65. Freitas, A. V. L., Lewinsohn, T. M., Magaldi, L. M. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: A new subspecies of Anthanassa (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Melitaeini) from Southeastern Brazil. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 69: 83-90. doi:0.18473/lepi.69i2.a9
  66. Kozak, K. M., Wahlberg, N., Neild, A., Dasmahapatra, K., Mallet, J. & Jiggins, C. D. 2015: Multilocus species trees show the recent adaptive radiation of the mimetic Heliconius butterflies. Systematic Biology 64: 505-524. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syv007 Open access
  67. Kristensen, N. P., Hilton, D. J., Kallies, A., Milla, L., Rota, J., Wahlberg, N., Wilcox, S. A., Glatz, R. V., Young, D. A., Cocking, G., Edwards, T., Gibbs, G. W. & Halsey, M. 2015: A new extant family of primitive moths from Kangaroo Island, Australia and its significance for understanding early Lepidoptera evolution. Systematic Entomology 40: 5-16. doi:10.1111/syen.12115 Open access
  68. 2014

  69. Jusoh, W. A. F., Hashim, N. R., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Adam, N. A. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Species delineation of Malaysian mangrove fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) using DNA barcodes. Coleopterists’ Bulletin 68: 703-711. doi:10.1649/0010-065X-68.4.703
  70. Wahlberg, N., Rota, J., Braby, M. F., Pierce, N. P. & Wheat, C. W. 2014: Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) based on molecular data. Zoologica Scripta 43: 641-650. doi:10.1111/zsc.12075
  71. Tóth, J. P., Bereczki, J., Varga, Z., Rota, J., Sramkó, G. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Relationships within the Melitaea phoebe species group (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): new insights from molecular and morphometric information. Systematic Entomology 39: 749-757. doi:10.1111/syen.12083
  72. Lehtinen, J., Honkola, T., Korhonen, K., Syrjänen, K., Wahlberg, N. & Vesakoski, O. 2014: Behind family trees: Secondary connections in Uralic language networks. Language Dynamics and Change 4: 189-221. doi:10.1163/22105832-00402007
  73. Matos-Maraví, P. F., Núñez Águila, R., Peña, C., Miller, J. Y., Sourakov, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Causes of endemic radiation in the Caribbean: evidence from the historical biogeography and diversification of the butterfly genus Calisto (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 199. doi:10.1186/s12862-014-0199-7 Open access
  74. Ahola, V., Lehtonen, R., Somervuo, P., Salmela, L., Koskinen, P., Rastas, P., Välimäki, N., Paulin, L., Kvist, J., Wahlberg, N., Tanskanen, J., Hornett, E. A., Ferguson, L. C., Luo, S., Cao, Z., de Jong, M. A., Duplouy, A., Smolander, O.-P., Vogel, H., McCoy, R. C., Qian, K., Chong, W. S., Zhang, Q., Ahmad, F., Haukka, J. K., Joshi, A., Salojärvi, J., Wheat, C. W., Grosse-Wilde, E., Hughes, D., Katainen, R., Pitkänen, E., Ylinen, J., Waterhouse, R. M., Turunen, M., Vähärautio, A., Schulman, A. H., Taipale, M., Lawson, D., Ukkonen, E., Mäkinen, V., Goldsmith, M. R., Holm, L., Auvinen, P., Frilander, M. J. & Hanski, I. 2014: The Glanville fritillary genome retains an ancient karyotype and reveals selective chromosomal fusions in Lepidoptera. Nature Communications 5: 4737. doi:10.1038/ncomms5737 Open access
  75. Zaspel, J. M., Weller, S. J., Wardwell, C. T., Zahiri, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Phylogeny and evolution of pharmacophagy in tiger moths (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). PLoS ONE 9(7): e101975. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101975 Open access
  76. Haapa-Paananen, S., Wahlberg, N. & Savilahti, H. 2014: Phylogenetic analysis of Maverick/Polinton giant transposons across organisms. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 78: 271-274. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.024
  77. Freitas, A. V. L., Kaminski, L. A., Iserhard, C. A., Magaldi, L. M., Wahlberg, N., Silva-Brandão, K. L. & Marini-Filho, O. J. 2014: Paulogramma hydarnis (n. comb.) (Nymphalidae: Biblidinae): distribution, systematic position, and conservation status of a rare and endangered butterfly. Neotropical Entomology 43: 218-226. doi:10.1007/s13744-014-0200-6
  78. Mousavi, S. A., Österman, J., Wahlberg, N., Nesme, X., Lavire, C., Vial, L., Paulin, L., de Lajudie, P. & Lindström, K. 2014: Phylogeny of the Rhizobium-Allorhizobium-Agrobacterium clade supports the delineation of Neorhizobium gen. nov. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 37: 208-215. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2013.12.007
  79. 2013

  80. Kodandaramaiah, U., Simonsen, T. J., Bromilow, S., Wahlberg, N. & Sperling, F. A. H. 2013: Deceptive single-locus taxonomy and phylogeography: Wolbachia associated divergence in mitochondria DNA is not reflected in morphology and nuclear markers in a butterfly species. Ecology & Evolution, 3: 5167-5176. doi:10.1002/ece3.886 Open access
  81. Vesterinen, E. J., Lilley, T., Laine, V. N. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Next Generation Sequencing of fecal DNA reveals the dietary diversity of the widespread insectivorous predator Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) in southwestern Finland. PLoS ONE, 8(11): e82168. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082168 Open access
  82. Thalmann, O. , Shapiro, B., Cui, P., Schuenemann, V. J., Sawyer, S. K., Greenfield, D. L., Germonpré, M. B., Sablin, M. V., López-Giráldez, F., Domingo-Roura, X., Napierala, H., Uerpmann, H.-P., Loponte, D. M., Acosta, A. A., Giemsch, L., Schmitz, R. W., Worthington, B., Buikstra, J. E., Druzhkova, A., Graphodatsky, A. S., Ovodov, N. D., Wahlberg, N., Freedman, A.H., Schweizer, R.M., Koepfli, K.-P., Leonard, J. A., Meyer, M., Krause, J., Pääbo, S., Green, R. E. & Wayne, R. K. 2013: Complete mitochondrial genomes of ancient canids suggest a European origin of domestic dogs. Science 342: 871-874. doi:10.1126/science.1243650. See press reports.
  83. Wahlberg, N., Wheat, C. W. & Peña, C. 2013: Timing and patterns in the taxonomic diversification of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). PLoS ONE, 8(11): e80875. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080875 Open access
  84. Wheat, C. W. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Critiquing blind dating: the dangers of over-confident date estimates in comparative genomics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28: 636-642. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2013.07.007
  85. Syrjänen, K., Honkola, T., Korhonen, K., Lehtinen, J., Vesakoski, O. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Shedding more light on language classification using basic vocabularies and phylogenetic methods: A case study of Uralic. Diachronica, 30: 323-352. doi:10.1075/dia.30.3.02syr
  86. Landvik, M., Wahlberg, N. & Roslin, T. 2013: The identity of the Finnish Osmoderma (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae) population established by COI sequencing. Entomologica Fennica, 24: 147-155. pdf
  87. Dinca, V., Wiklund, C., Lukhtanov, V. A., Kodandaramaiah, U., Norén, K., Dapporto, L., Wahlberg, N., Vila, R. & Friberg, M. 2013: Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic and ecological variation in a cryptic butterfly species complex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26(10): 2095-2106. doi:10.1111/jeb.12211 Open access
  88. Zahiri, R., Lafontaine, J. D., Schmidt, B. C., Holloway, J. D., Kitching, I. J., Mutanen, M. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Relationships among the basal lineages of Noctuidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on eight gene regions. Zoologica Scripta, 42(5): 488-507. doi:10.1111/zsc.12022
  89. Ruohomäki, K., Klemola, T., Shaw, M. R., Snäll, N., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Veijalainen, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitizing Epirrita autumnata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) larvae in Fennoscandia with description of Cotesia autumnatae Shaw, sp. n. Entomologica Fennica, 24: 65-80. pdf
  90. Malm, T., Johanson, K. A. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: The evolutionary history of Trichoptera (Insecta): A case of successful adaptation to life in freshwater. Systematic Entomology, 38: 459-473. doi:10.1111/syen.12016
  91. Honkola, T., Vesakoski, O., Korhonen, K., Lehtinen, J., Syrjänen, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Cultural and climatic changes shape the evolutionary history of the Uralic languages. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26: 1244-1253. doi:10.1111/jeb.12107 Open access
  92. Núñez Aguila, R., Matos-Maraví, P. F. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: New Calisto species from Cuba, with insights on the relationships of Cuban and Bahamian taxa (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Zootaxa, 3669: 503-521. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3669.4.5
  93. Zahiri, R., Lafontaine, J. D., Holloway, J. D., Kitching, I. J., Schmidt, B. C., Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Major lineages of Nolidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) elucidated by molecular phylogenetics. Cladistics 29: 337-359. doi:10.1111/cla.12001
  94. van Velzen, R., Wahlberg, N., Sosef, M. S. M. & Bakker, F. T. 2013: Effects of changing climate and host plant association on species diversification rates in Cymothoe (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) tropical forest butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108: 546-564. doi:10.1111/bij.12012 Open access
  95. Wheat, C. W. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Phylogenomic insights into the Cambrian explosion, the colonization of land and the evolution of flight in Arthropoda. Systematic Biology 62: 93-109. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys074 Open access
  96. Matos-Maravi, P. F., Peña, C., Willmott, K. R., Freitas, A. V. L. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Systematics and evolutionary history of butterflies in the "Taygetis clade" (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Euptychiina): towards a better understanding of Neotropical biogeography. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 54-68. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.005
  97. 2012

  98. Salokannel, J., Wahlberg, N., Vesterinen, E. J., Martinez, J. & González, M. 2012: A taxonomic study of the caddisfly Oxyethira falcata Morton, 1893 (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) using genital morphology and DNA barcoding. Entomologica Fennica 23: 199-205. pdf
  99. Lehtonen, S., Wahlberg, N. & Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2012: Diversification of the lindsaeoid ferns and phylogenetic uncertainty of early polypod relationships. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 489-503. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01312.x
  100. Freitas, A. V. L., Wahlberg, N., Matos-Maravi, P. F., Marin, M. A. & Mielke, O. H. H. 2012: Euptychia boulleti (Le Cerf) new combination (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), a rare and endangered butterfly from southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 41: 461-467. doi:10.1007/s13744-012-0073-5
  101. Veijalainen, A., Wahlberg, N., Broad, G. R., Erwin, T. L., Longino, J. T. & Sääksjärvi, I. E. 2012: Unprecedented ichneumonid parasitoid wasp diversity in tropical forests. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 279: 4694-4698. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.1664 Open access
  102. Zaspel, J.M., Zahiri, R., Hoy, M.A., Janzen, D., Weller, S.J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the vampire moths and their fruit-piercing relatives (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Calpinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 786-791. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.06.029
  103. Penz, C., DeVries, P. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Diversification of Morpho butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): a re-evaluation of morphological characters and new insight from DNA sequence. Systematic Entomology 37: 670-685. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00636.x
  104. Rota, J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Exploration of data partitioning in an eight-gene dataset: phylogeny of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 536-546. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00551.x
  105. Nyman, T., Linder, H. P., Peña, C., Malm, T. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Climate-driven diversity dynamics in plants and plant-feeding insects. Ecology Letters 15: 889-898. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01782.x Open access
  106. Kodandaramaiah, U., Konvicka, M., Tammaru, T., Wahlberg, N. & Gotthard, K. 2012: Phylogeography of the woodland brown butterfly Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 305-313. doi:10.1007/s10841-012-9465-4
  107. Rainio, M. J., Kanerva, M., Wahlberg, N., Nikinmaa, M. & Eeva, T. 2012: Variation of basal EROD activities in ten passerine bird species - relationships with diet and migration status. PLoS ONE 7: e33926. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033926 Open access
  108. Shirai, L. T., Saenko, S. V., Keller, R. A., Jerónimo, M. A., Brakefield, P. M., Descimon, H., Wahlberg, N. & Beldade, P. 2012: Evolutionary history of the recruitment of conserved transcription factors in association to the formation and diversification of a novel trait. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12: 21. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-21 pdf Open access
  109. Condamine, F. L., Sperling, F. A. H., Wahlberg, N., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Kergoat, G. J. 2012: What causes latitudinal gradients in species diversity? Evolutionary processes and ecological constraints on swallowtail biodiversity. Ecology Letters 15: 267-277. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01737.x
  110. Heikkilä, M., Kaila, L., Mutanen, M., Peña, C. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Cretaceous origin and repeated Tertiary diversification of the redefined butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 279: 1093-1099. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1430
  111. Núñez Aguila, R., Oliva Plasencia, E., Matos Maravi, P. F. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Cuban Calisto (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), a review based on morphological and DNA data. ZooKeys 165: 57-105. doi:10.3897/zookeys.165.2206 Open access
  112. Zahiri, R., Holloway, J.D., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 102-124. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00607.x
  113. 2011

  114. van Nieukerken, E.J., Kaila, L., Kitching, I.J., Kristensen, N.P., Lees, D.C., Minet, J., Mitter, C., Mutanen, M., Regier, J.C., Simonsen, T.J., Wahlberg, N., Yen, S.-H., Zahiri, R., Adamski, D., Baixeras, J., Bartsch, D., Bengtsson, B.Å., Brown, J.W., Bucheli, S.R., Davis, D.R., De Prins, J., De Prins, W., Epstein, M.E., Gentili-Poole, P., Gielis, C., Hättenschwiler, P., Hausmann, A., Holloway, J.D., Kallies, A., Karsholt, O., Kawahara, A., Koster, J.C., Kozlov, M. V., Lafontaine, J. D., Lamas, G., Landry, J.-F., Lee, S., Nuss, M., Park, K.-T., Penz, C., Rota, J., Schmidt, B. C., Schintlmeister, A., Sohn, J. C., Solis, M. A., Tarmann, G. M., Warren, A. D., Weller, S., Yakovlev, V. R., Zolotuhin, V. V. & Zwick, A. 2011: Order Lepidoptera. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 212-221. pdf Open access
  115. Wahlberg, N. & Rubinoff, D. 2011: Anomalous areas and awkward ages: alleviating concerns. Systematic Entomology 36: 604-606. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00590.x
  116. Veijalainen, A., Broad, G. R., Wahlberg, N., Longino, J. T., Sääksjärvi, I. E. 2011: DNA barcoding and morphology reveal two common species in one: Pimpla molesta stat. rev. separated from P. croceipes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). ZooKeys 124: 59-70. doi:10.3897/zookeys.124.1780 Open access
  117. de Jong, M. A., Wahlberg, N., van Eijk, M., Brakefield, P.M. & Zwaan, B.J. 2011: Mitochondrial DNA signature for range-wide populations of Bicyclus anynana suggests a rapid expansion from recent refugia. PLoS ONE 6: e21385. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021385 Open access
  118. Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Qiu, H.-J., Belák, S., Widén, F. & Liu, L. 2011: No phylogenetic evidence to support Shimen strain as the parental strain of the lapinized Chinese strain (C-strain) vaccine against classical swine fever. Archives of Virology 156: 1041-1044. doi:10.1007/s00705-011-0948-5
  119. Penz, C. M., Mohammadi, N. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: The Neotropical butterfly genus Blepolenis: wing pattern elements, phylogeny, and Pleistocene diversification (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Zootaxa 2897: 1-17.
  120. Mullen, S. P., Savage, W. K., Wahlberg, N. & Willmott, K. 2011: Rapid diversification and not clade age explains high diversity in neotropical Adelpha butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 278: 1777-1785. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2140 Open access
  121. Marin, M. A., Peña, C., Freitas, A. V. L., Wahlberg, N. & Uribe, S. I. 2011: From the phylogeny of the Satyrinae butterflies to the systematics of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): history, progress and prospects. Neotropical Entomology 40: 1-13.
  122. Wahlberg, N. & Rubinoff, D. 2011: Vagility across Vanessa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): mobility in butterfly species does not inhibit the formation and persistence of isolated sister taxa. Systematic Entomology 36: 362-370. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00566.x
  123. Zahiri, R., Kitching, I. J., Lafontaine, J. D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J. D. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta 40: 158-173. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00459.x
  124. Peña, C., Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: The radiation of Satyrini butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): a challenge for phylogenetic methods. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 64-87. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00627.x
  125. Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Belák, S., Meng, X. J. & Liu, L. 2011: The emergence of genotypes 3 and 4 hepatitis E virus in swine and human: a phylogenetic perspective. Archives of Virology 156: 121-124. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0818-6
  126. 2010

  127. Simonsen, T. J., Wahlberg, N., Warren, A. D. & Sperling, F. A. H. 2010: The evolutionary history of Boloria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): phylogeny, zoogeography and larval foodplant relationships. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 513-529. doi:10.1080/14772000.2010.532833 pdf
  128. Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N. & Kaila, L. 2010: Comprehensive gene and taxon coverage elucidates radiation patterns in moths and butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 277: 2839-2848. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0392 pdf Open access
  129. Kodandaramaiah, U., Lees, D. C., Müller, C. J., Torres, E., Karanth, P. K. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation of butterflies: the subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 172. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-172 pdf Open access
  130. Müller, C. J., Wahlberg, N. & Beheregaray , L. B. 2010: 'After Africa' - The evolutionary history and systematics of the genus Charaxes Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Indo-Pacific Region. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 457-481. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01426.x pdf
  131. Salokannel, J., Rantala, M., & Wahlberg, N. 2010: DNA-barcoding clarifies species definitions of Finnish Apatania (Trichoptera: Apataniidae). Entomologica Fennica 21: 1-11. pdf
  132. Wahlberg, N., Snäll, N., Viidalepp, J., Ruohomäki, K. & Tammaru, T. 2010: The evolution of female flightlessness among Ennominae of the Holarctic forest zone (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 929-938. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.025 pdf
  133. Peña, C., Nylin, S., Freitas, A. V. L. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Biogeographic history of the butterfly subtribe Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Zoologica Scripta 39: 243-258. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00421.x pdf
  134. Brower, A. V. Z., Wahlberg, N., Ogawa, J. R., Boppré, M. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 2010: Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 75-89. doi:10.1080/14772001003626814 pdf
  135. Kodandaramaiah, U., Peña, C., Braby, M., Grund, R., Müller, C. J., Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Phylogenetics of Coenonymphina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) and the problem of rooting rapid radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 386-394. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.012 pdf
  136. Liu, L., Xia, H., Baule, C., Belák, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Effects of methodology and analysis strategy on robustness of pestivirus phylogeny. Virus Research 147: 47-52. doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2009.10.004 pdf
  137. 2009

  138. Wahlberg, N., Leneveu, J., Kodandaramaiah, U., Peña, C., Nylin, S., Freitas, A. V. L. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2009: Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 276: 4295-4302. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1303 pdf Open access Online supporting material can be downloaded here, also the posterior distribution of BEAST trees is online doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1410861.
  139. Aduse-Poku, K., Vingerhoedt, E. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Out-of-Africa again: a phylogenetic hypothesis of the genus Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on 5 gene regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 463-478. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.021 pdf
  140. Leneveu, J., Chichvarkhin, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Varying rates of diversification in the genus Melitaea (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) during the past 20 million years. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 97:346-361. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01208.x pdf.
  141. Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E., Warren, A. D. & Nylin, S. 2009: Timing major conflict between mitochondrial and nuclear genes in species relationships of Polygonia butterflies (Nymphalidae: Nymphalini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:92. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-92 pdf Open access
  142. Liu, L., Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Belák, S. & Baule, C. 2009: Phylogeny, classification and evolutionary insights into pestiviruses. Virology 385:351-357. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2008.12.004 pdf.
  143. Kodandaramaiah, U. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Phylogeny and biogeography of Coenonympha butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) - patterns of colonization in the Holarctic. Systematic Entomology 34:315-323. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00453.x pdf.
  144. 2008

  145. Peña, C., & Wahlberg, N. 2008: Prehistorical climate change increased diversification of a group of butterflies. Biology Letters 4: 274-278. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0062 pdf Open access Supplementary material.
  146. Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2008: Does plasticity drive speciation? Host plant shifts and diversification in nymphaline butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) during the tertiary. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94: 115-13. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.00964.x pdf.
  147. Wahlberg, N., & Wheat, C. W. 2008: Genomic outposts serve the phylogenomic pioneers: designing novel nuclear markers for genomic DNA extractions of Lepidoptera. Systematic Biology 57: 231-242. doi:10.1080/10635150802033006 pdf, for list of primers see Molecular Methods or download Electronic Appendices.
  148. Silva Brandão, K. L., N. Wahlberg, R. B. Francini, A. M. L. Azeredo-Espin, K. S. Brown Jr., M. Paluch, D. C. Lees, and A. V. L. Freitas. 2008: Phylogenetic relationships of butterflies of the tribe Acraeini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) and the evolution of host plant use. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46:515-531 doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.024 pdf.
  149. Friberg, M., Bergman, M., Kullberg, J., Wahlberg, N. & Wiklund, C. 2008: Niche separation in space and time between two sympatric sister species - a case of ecological pleiotropy. Evolutionary Ecology 22: 1-18 pdf.
  150. 2007

  151. Xia, H., Liu, L., Wahlberg, N., Baule, C. and Belák, S. 2007: Molecular phylogenetic analysis of bovine viral diarrhoea virus: a Bayesian approach. Virus Research 130:53-62 pdf.
  152. Kodandaramaiah, U. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: Out-of-Africa origin and dispersal mediated diversification of the butterfly genus Junonia (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 2181-2191 pdf.
  153. Wahlberg, N. & Saccheri, I. 2007: The effects of Pleistocene glaciations on the phylogeography of Melitaea cinxia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). European Journal of Entomology 104: 675-684 pdf.
  154. Brooks, D.R., Bilewitch, J., Condy, C., Evans, D.C., Folinsbee, K.E., Fröbisch, J., Halas, D., Hill, S., McLennan, D.A., Mattern, M., Tsuji, L.A., Ward, J.L., Wahlberg, N., Zamparo, D., Zanatta, D., 2007. Quantitative phylogenetic analysis in the 21st century. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 78: 225-252 pdf.
  155. Snäll, N., Tammaru, T., Wahlberg, N., Viidalepp, J., Ruohomäki, K., Savontaus, M.-L. & Huoponen, K. 2007: Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Operophterini (Lepidoptera, Geometridae): a case study of the evolution of female flightlessness. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92: 241-252 pdf.
  156. Brown Jr., K.S., Freitas, A.V.L., Wahlberg, N., von Schoultz, B., Saura, A.O., Saura, A. 2007: Chromosomal evolution in the South American Nymphalidae. Hereditas 144: 137-148. pdf
  157. Wahlberg, N. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2007: Colonization of and radiation in South America by butterflies in the subtribe Phyciodina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44:1257-1272 pdf.
  158. Fric, Z., Wahlberg, N., Pech, P. & Zrzavy, J. 2007: Phylogeny and classification of the Phengaris-Maculinea clade (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): total evidence and phylogenetic species concepts. Systematic Entomology 32:558-567. pdf.
  159. Gatesy, J., DeSalle, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: How many genes should a systematist sample? Conflicting insights from a phylogenomic matrix. Systematic Biology 56: 355-363 pdf.
  160. Viidalepp, J., Tammaru, T., Snäll, N., Ruohomäki, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: Cleorodes Warren, 1894 does not belong in the tribe Boarmiini (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). European Journal of Entomology 104:303-309 pdf.
  161. 2006

  162. Simonsen, T. J., Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z. & de Jong, R. 2006: Morphology, molecules and Fritillaries: approaching a stable phylogeny for Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution 37:405-418 pdf.
  163. Weingartner, E., N. Wahlberg, & S. Nylin. 2006: Speciation in Pararge (Satyrinae: Nymphalidae) butterflies - North Africa is the source of ancestral populations of all Pararge species. Systematic Entomology 31:621-632 pdf.
  164. Wahlberg, N. 2006: That awkward age for butterflies: insights from the age of the butterfly subfamily Nymphalinae. Systematic Biology 55:703-714. pdf
  165. Peña, C., N. Wahlberg, E. Weingartner, U. Kodandaramaiah, S. Nylin, A. V. L. Freitas, and A. V. Z. Brower. 2006: Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40:29-40 pdf.
  166. Weingartner, E., N. Wahlberg, & S. Nylin. 2006: Dynamics of host plant use and species diversity: a phylogenetic investigation in Polygonia butterflies (Nymphalidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19:483-491 pdf.
  167. Janz, N., S. Nylin, & N. Wahlberg. 2006: Diversity begets diversity: host expansions and the diversification of plant-feeding insects. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6:4. pdf
  168. 2005

  169. Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z. & Nylin, S. 2005: Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86:227-251. pdf.
  170. Wahlberg, N., M. F. Braby, A. V. Z. Brower, R. de Jong, M.-M. Lee, S. Nylin, N. Pierce, F. A. Sperling, R. Vila, A. D. Warren, & E. Zakharov. 2005: Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 272:1577-1586.pdf Open access
  171. Päivinen, J., Grapputo, A., Kaitala, V., Komonen, A., Kotiaho, J. S., Saarinen, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2005: Negative density-distribution relationship in butterflies. BMC Biology 3:5 pdf Open access
  172. 2003

  173. Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E. & Nylin, S. 2003: Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473-484 pdf.
  174. Wahlberg, N., & Nylin, S. 2003: Morphology versus molecules: resolution of the positions of Nymphalis, Polygonia and related genera (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Cladistics 19:213-223 pdf.
  175. Wahlberg, N., Oliveira, R. & Scott, J. A. 2003: Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variation and species delimitations. Systematic Entomology 28:257-273 pdf.
  176. 2002

  177. Wahlberg, N., Klemetti, T., Selonen, V. & Hanski, I. 2002: Metapopulation structure and movements in five species of checkerspot butterflies. Oecologia 130:33-43 pdf.
  178. Wahlberg, N., Klemetti, T. & Hanski, I. 2002: Dynamic populations in a dynamic landscape: the metapopulation structure of the marsh fritillary butterfly. Ecography 25:224-232 pdf.
  179. 2001

  180. Wahlberg, N., Kullberg, J. & Hanski, I. 2001: Natural history of some Siberian melitaeine butterfly species (Nymphalidae: Melitaeini) and their parasitoids. Entomologica Fennica 12:72-77 pdf.
  181. Wahlberg, N. 2001: On the status of the scarce fritillary Euphydryas maturna (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Finland. Entomologica Fennica 12:244-250 pdf.
  182. Wahlberg, N. 2001: The phylogenetics and biochemistry of host plant specialization in melitaeine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 55:522-537 pdf.
  183. Haikola, S., Fortelius, W., O'Hara, R., Kuussaari, M., Wahlberg, N., Saccheri, I. J., Singer, M. C. & Hanski, I. 2001: Inbreeding depression and the maintenance of genetic load in Melitaea cinxia metapopulations. Conservation Genetics 2:325-335 pdf.
  184. 2000

  185. Wahlberg, N. 2000: Comparative descriptions of the immature stages and ecology of five Finnish melitaeine butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologica Fennica 11:167-174 pdf.
  186. Zimmermann, M., Wahlberg, N. & Descimon, H. 2000: Phylogeny of Euphydryas checkerspot butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93:347-355 pdf.
  187. Wahlberg, N. & Zimmermann, M. 2000. Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mtDNA sequences. Cladistics 16:347-363 pdf.
  188. 1996

  189. Wahlberg, N., Moilanen, A. & Hanski, I. 1996: Predicting the occurrence of species in fragmented landscapes. Science 273:1536-1538.pdf

Book Chapters

  1. Murphy, D. D., Wahlberg, N., Hanski, I. & Ehrlich, P. R. 2004: Introducing the checkerspots: taxonomy and ecology. - In: Ehrlich, P. R. & Hanski, I. (eds.), pp. 17-33, On the Wings of Checkerspots, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  2. Wahlberg, N., Ehrlich, P. R., Boggs, C. & Hanski, I. 2004: Bay checkerspot and Glanville fritillary compared with other species. - In: Ehrlich, P. R. & Hanski, I. (eds.), pp. 219-244, On the Wings of Checkerspots, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  3. Wahlberg, N. 2005: Täpläperhosten sukulaisuussuhteet: Miten molekyylit auttavat meitä ymmärtämään heimoa? - In: Mikkola, K., Murtosaari, J, & Nissinen, K. (eds.), pp. 249-250, Perhosten Lumo, Tammi, Helsinki.
  4. Roe, A. D., Weller, S. J., Baixeras-Almela, J., Brown, J., Cummings, M., Davis, D., Horak, M., Kawahara, A., Mitter, C., Parr, C., Regier, J., Rubinoff, D., Simonsen, T. J., Wahlberg, N. & Zwick, A. 2010: Evolutionary Framework for Lepidoptera Model Systems. - In: Goldsmith, M. & Marec, F. (eds.), pp. 1-24, Genetics and Molecular Biology of Lepidoptera, CRC Press, Gainsville, FL, USA.
  5. Löfstedt, C., Wahlberg, N. & Millar, J. G. 2016: Evolutionary Patterns of Pheromone Diversity in Lepidoptera. - In: Allison, J.D. & Cardé, R.T. (eds.), pp. 43-78, Pheromone Communication in Moths: Evolution, Behavior and Application. University of California Press, Berkeley.


  • Wahlberg, N. 1995: One day in the life of a butterfly; a study of the biology of the Glanville fritillary Melitaea cinxia. M.Sc. thesis, University of Helsinki, Finland.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2000: The ecology and evolution of melitaeine butterflies. Ph.D. thesis, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Articles in nonrefereed journals:

  1. Wahlberg, N. 1988: Observations from Simbai. Muruk 3:41-47.
  2. Wahlberg, N. 1990: Barred Owlet-Nightjar Aegotheles cristatus at the King Bird Tree. Muruk 4:111.
  3. Wahlberg, N. 1990: Display of the Glossy-mantled Manucode Manucodia atra. Muruk 4:64.
  4. Wahlberg, N. 1990: Mimicry by Singing Bushlark Mirafra javanica. Muruk 4:62.
  5. Wahlberg, N. 1990: Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis at Kanosia Lagoon, Central Province. Muruk 4:109.
  6. Wahlberg, N. 1992: Altitude range extension for the Crested Bird of Paradise Cnemophilus macgregorii. Muruk 5:92.
  7. Wahlberg, N. 1992: Observations of birds feeding in a fruiting fig Ficus sp. in Varirata National Park. Muruk 5:109-110.
  8. Chemnick, J., R. Hicks & N. Wahlberg 1993: Nesting Brown-backed Honeyeaters Ramsayornis modestus with strange plumage. Muruk 6:45.
  9. Wahlberg, N. 1993: Courtship display of the Long-billed Honeyeater Melilestes megarhynchus. Muruk 6:22.
  10. Pekkarinen, A., I. Teräs, M. Koivula, J. Pöyry & Wahlberg, N. 1994: Polymorphic melanism of bumblebees in Finland and neighbouring areas (Hymenoptera: Apidae). [In Finnish with English summary] Baptria 19:85-90.
  11. Wahlberg, N., Veistola, S. & Veistola, T. 1994. Beware - this bird is poisonous. [In Finnish] Linnut 29:34.
  12. Wahlberg, N. 1995: The reproductive biology of the Glanville fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) [In Finnish with English summary]. Baptria 20:181-187.
  13. Wahlberg, N. 1996: The life history of the false heath frtillary (Melitaea diamina) in Finland [In Finnish with English summary]. Baptria 21:113-118.
  14. Wahlberg, N., J.-P.C. Bäckman & M. Pitkänen 1996: What is the future of the false heath fritillary in the Tampere region? [In Finnish] Diamina 1996:6-10.
  15. Klemetti, T. & Wahlberg, N. 1997: The ecology and population structure of the marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) in Finland. [In Finnish with English summary] Baptria 22:87-93. pdf
  16. Wahlberg, N. 1997: The life history of the heath frtillary (Mellicta athalia) in southern Finland [In Finnish with English summary]. Baptria 22:149-153.
  17. Wahlberg, N. 1997: The life history and ecology of Melitaea diamina (Lang, 1789) (Nymphalidae) in Finland. Nota lepidopterologica 20:70-81 pdf.
  18. Wahlberg, N. 1998: The life history and ecology of Euphydryas maturna (Nymphalidae: Melitaeini) in Finland. Nota lepidopterologica 21:154-169.
  19. Wahlberg, N. 1998: Threatened species in Finland - false heath fritillary (Melitaea diamina). [In Finnish with English summary]. Suomen Ympäristö 68:1-40.
  20. Salminen, J. & Wahlberg, N. 1998: The ecology and taxonomic status of the northern subspecies of the heath fritillary (Mellicta athalia norvegica). [In Finnish with English summary] Baptria 23:186-193.
  21. Wahlberg, N. 1999: The habitat of Euphydryas maturna in Finland. [In Finnish with English summary] Baptria 24:173-177.
  22. Pöyry, J., Wahlberg, N. & Nieminen, M. 2001: Translocation of Lepidoptera in species conservation. [In Finnish with English summary] Baptria 26:18-28.
  23. Wahlberg, N. & Peña, C. 2007: A Dominican Republic sojourn. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49:12-15.
  24. Balletto, E., Bonelli, S., Settele, J., Thomas, J. A., Verovnik, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Case 3508: Maculinea Van Eecke, 1915 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): proposed precedence over Phengaris Doherty, 1891. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 67:129-132.

(Muruk is the official journal of the Papua New Guinea Bird Society and Baptria is the official journal of the Lepidopterological Society of Finland)

Editorials, book reviews, etc.

  • Wahlberg, N. 2001: Editorial. Entomologica Fennica 12:1-2.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2001: Book review/The Millenium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Entomologica Fennica 12:125-126.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2001: Book review/Butterflies of British Columbia. Entomologica Fennica 12:251-252.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2004: Book review/Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. Ecology 85:879-880.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2006: Book review/Evolution of the Insects. Systematic Biology 55:692-693.
  • Wahlberg, N. & Simonsen, T. J. 2011: Virtual issue - Molecular phylogeny of Lepidoptera in the 21st century. Systematic Entomology.