NSG publications

Publications by members of the NSG. For full publication lists of individual researchers see People-pages

Open access = Open Access, click on DOI link to download a pdf.


  1. Chazot, N., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., Mitter, C., Labandeira, C., Sohn, J.-C., Sahoo, R. K., Seraphim, N., de Jong, R. & Heikkilä, M. 2018: The trials and tribulations of priors and posteriors in Bayesian timing of divergence analyses: the age of butterflies revisited. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/259184
  2. Keegan, K., Lafontaine, J. D., Wahlberg, N. & Wagner, D. 2018: Towards Resolving and Redefining Amphipyrinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae): a Massively Polyphyletic Taxon. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/271478. Final version, in press in Systematic Entomology.
  3. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2018: Species limits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Reconciling classical taxonomy with the multispecies coalescent. BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/451039
  4. Rota, J., Malm, T., & Wahlberg, N. 2017: A simple method for data partitioning based on relative evolutionary rates. PeerJ Preprints. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3414v1. Published version doi:10.7717/peerj.5498 Open access
  5. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., DeVries, P. J., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2019: Mesoamerica is a cradle and the Brazilian Atlantic Forest is a museum of Neotropical butterfly diversity (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Brassolini). BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/762393


  1. Arrizabalaga-Escudero, A., Merckx, T., García-Baquero, G., Wahlberg, N., Aizpurua, O., Garin, I., Goiti, U. & Aihartza, J. 2019: Trait-based functional dietary analysis provides a better insight into the foraging ecology of bats. Journal of Animal Ecology, in press. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.13055
  2. Bravo, G. A., Antonelli, A., Bacon, C. D., Bartoszek, K., Blom, M. P. K., Huynh, S., Jones, G., Knowles, L. L., Lamichhaney, S., Marcussen, T., Morlon, H., Nakhleh, L. K., Oxelman, B., Pfeil, B., Schliep, A., Wahlberg, N., Werneck, F. P., Wiedenhoeft, J., Willows-Munro, S. & Edwards, S. V. 2019: Embracing heterogeneity: coalescing on the Tree of Life and the future of phylogenomics. PeerJ 7: e6399. doi:10.7717/peerj.6399 Open access
  3. Chazot, N., Wahlberg, N., Freitas, A. V. L., Mitter, C., Labandeira, C., Sohn, J.-C., Sahoo, R. K., Seraphim, N., de Jong, R. & Heikkilä, M. 2019: Priors and posteriors in Bayesian timing of divergence analyses: the age of butterflies revisited. Systematic Biology 68: 797-813. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syz002, for an OA version see BioRxiv Open access
  4. Keegan, K., Lafontaine, J. D., Wahlberg, N. & Wagner, D. 2019: Towards resolving and redefining Amphipyrinae: a massively polyphyletic taxon (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae). Systematic Entomology 44: 451-464. doi:10.1111/syen.12336, for an OA version see BioRxivOpen access
  5. Matos-Maraví, P., Ritter, C. D., Barnes, C. J., Nielsen, M., Olsson, U., Wahlberg, N., Marquina, D., Sääksjärvi, I. & Antonelli, A. 2019: Biodiversity seen through the perspective of insects: 10 simple rules on methodological choices and experimental design for genomic studies. PeerJ 7: e6727. doi:10.7717/peerj.6727 Open access
  6. Matos-Maraví, P., Wahlberg, N., Antonelli, A. & Penz, C. 2019: Species limits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Reconciling classical taxonomy with the multispecies coalescent. Systematic Entomology 44: 745-756. doi:10.1111/syen.12352 Open access
  7. Molleman, F., Javoiš, J., Davis, R. B., Whitaker, M. R. L., Tammaru, T., Prinzing, A., Õunap, E., Wahlberg, N., Kodandaramaiah, U., Aduse-Poku, K., Kaasik, A. & Carey, J. R. 2019: Quantifying the effects of species traits on predation risk in nature: a comparative study of butterfly wing damage. Journal of Animal Ecology, in press.
  8. Murillo-Ramos, L., Brehm, G., Sihvonen, P., Hausmann, A., Holm, S., Ghanavi, H. R., Õunap, E., Truuverk, A., Staude, H., Friedrich, E., Tammaru, T. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Geometridae (Lepidoptera) with a focus on enigmatic small subfamilies. PeerJ 7: e7386. doi:10.7717/peerj.7386 Open access
  9. Nyman, T., Onstein, R. E., Silvestro, D., Wutke, S., Taeger, A., Wahlberg, N., Blank, S. M. & Malm, T. 2019: The early wasp plucks the flower: disparate extant diversity of sawfly superfamilies (Hymenoptera: 'Symphyta') may reflect asynchronous switching to angiosperm hosts. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 1-19. doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blz071
  10. Przybyłowicz, L., Lees, D. C., Zenker, M. M. & Wahlberg, N. 2019: Molecular systematics of the arctiine tribe Syntomini (Lepidoptera, Erebidae). Systematic Entomology 44: 624-637. doi:10.1111/syen.12343
  11. Twort, V. G., Newcomb, R. D. & Buckley, T. R. 2019: New Zealand Tree and Giant Wētā (Orthoptera) transcriptomics reveal divergent selection patterns in metabolic loci. Genome Biology and Evolution 11: 1293–1306. doi:10.1093/gbe/evz070 Open access
  12. Wang, H., Holloway, J. D., Wahlberg, N., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2019: Molecular phylogenetic and morphological studies on the systematic position of Heracula discivitta reveal a new subfamily of Pseudobistonidae (Lepidoptera: Geometroidea). Systematic Entomology 44: 211-225. doi:10.1111/syen.12326 Open access


  1. Chazot, N., De-Silva, D. L., Willmott, K. R., Freitas, A. V. L., Lamas, G., Mallet, J., Giraldo, C. E., Uribe, S. & Elias, M. 2018: Contrasting patterns of Andean diversification among three diverse clades of Neotropical clearwing butterflies. Ecology and Evolution 8: 3965-3982. doi:10.1002/ece3.3622 Open access
  2. Dhungel, B. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: Molecular systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). PeerJ 6: e4311. doi:10.7717/peerj.4311 Open access
  3. Honkola, T., Ruokolainen, K., Syrjänen, K. J. J., Leinonen, U.-P., Tammi, I., Wahlberg, N. & Vesakoski, O. 2018: Evolution within a language: Environmental differences contribute to divergence of dialect groups. BMC Evolutionary Biology 18: 132. doi:10.1186/s12862-018-1238-6 Open access
  4. Jusoh, W. F. A., Ballantyne, L., Lambkin, C. L., Hashim, N. R. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: The firefly genus Pteroptyx Olivier revisited (Coleoptera: Lampyridae: Luciolinae). Zootaxa 4456: 1-71. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4456.1.1
  5. Kodandaramaiah, U., Braby, M. F., Grund, R., Müller, C. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: Phylogenetic relationships, biogeography and diversification of Coenonymphina butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): inter-continental dispersal of a southern Gondwanan group? Systematic Entomology 43: 798-809. doi:10.1111/syen.12303
  6. Lee, K. M., Kivelä, S. M., Ivanov, V., Hausmann, A., Kaila, L., Wahlberg, N. & Mutanen, M. 2018: Information dropout patterns in RAD phylogenomics and a comparison with multilocus Sanger data in a species-rich moth genus. Systematic Biology 67: 925-939. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syy029
  7. Murillo-Ramos, L., Hernández-Torres, R., Núñez, R. & Ayazo, R. 2018: New insights on the taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships of the Neotropical genus Phoebis (Pieridae: Coliadinae) revealed by molecular and morphological data. Zootaxa 4457: 179-188. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4457.1.10
  8. Rota, J., Malm, T., Chazot, N., Peña, C. & Wahlberg, N. 2018: A simple method for data partitioning based on relative evolutionary rates. PeerJ 6: e5498 doi:10.7717/peerj.5498 Open access
  9. Sahoo, R. K., Lohman, D. J., Wahlberg, N., Müller, C. J., Brattström, O., Collins, S. C., Peggie, D., Aduse-Poku, K. & Kodandaramaiah, U. 2018: Evolution of Hypolimnas butterflies (Nymphalidae): Out-of-Africa origin and Wolbachia-mediated introgression. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 123: 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.02.001
  10. Seraphim, N., Kaminski, L. A., DeVries, P. J., Penz, C., Callaghan, C., Wahlberg, N., Silva-Brandão, K. L. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2018: Molecular phylogeny and higher systematics of metalmark butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). Systematic Entomology 43: 407-425. doi:10.1111/syen.12282
  11. Wiemers, M., Balletto, E., Dincă, V., Fric, Z. F., Lamas, G., Lukhtanov, V., Munguira, M. L., van Swaay, C. A. M., Vila, R., Vliegenthart, A., Wahlberg, N. & Verovnik, R. 2018: An updated checklist of the European butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). ZooKeys 811: 9-45. doi:10.3897/zookeys.811.28712 Open access


  1. Aduse-Poku, K., Brakefield, P. M., Wahlberg, N. & Brattström, O. 2017: Expanded molecular phylogeny of the genus Bicyclus shows the importance of increased sampling for detecting semi-cryptic species and highlights potentials for future studies. Systematics and Biodiversity 15: 115-130. doi:10.1080/14772000.2016.1226979 Open access
  2. Ahola, V., Wahlberg, N. & Frilander, M. J. 2017: Butterfly genomics: insights from the genome of Melitaea cinxia. Annales Zoologici Fennici 54: 275-291. pdf Open access
  3. Aubier, T. G., Elias, M., Llaurens, V. & Chazot, N. 2017: Mutualistic mimicry enhances species diversification through spatial segregation and extension of the ecological niche space. Evolution 71: 826-844. doi:10.1111/evo.13182
  4. de Moya, R. S., Savage, W. K., Tenney, C., Bao, X., Wahlberg, N. & Hill, R. I. 2017: Interrelationships and diversification of Argynnis Fabricius and Speyeria Scudder butterflies. Systematic Entomology 42: 635-649. doi:10.1111/syen.12236 Open access
  5. De-Silva, D. L., Mota, L. L., Chazot, N., Mallarino, R., Silva-Brandão, K. L., Piñerez, L. M. G., Freitas, A. V. L., Lamas, G., Joron, M., Mallet, J., Giraldo, C. E., Uribe, S., Särkinen, T., Knapp, S., Jiggins, C. D., Willmott, K. R. & Elias, M. 2017: North Andean origin and diversification of the largest ithomiine butterfly genus. Scientific Reports 7: 45966. doi:10.1038/srep45966 Open access
  6. Gonzalez, E. G., Cunha, C., Ghanavi, H. R., Oliva-Paterna, F. J., Torralva, M. & Doadrio, I. 2017: Phylogeography and population genetic analyses in the Iberian toothcarp (Aphanius iberus Valenciennes, 1846) at different time scales. Journal of Heredity, in press. doi:10.1093/jhered/esx076
  7. Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., Eagderi, S., Murillo-Ramos, L., Ghanavi, H. R. & Doadrio, I. 2017: Three new species of algae-scraping cyprinid from Tigris River drainage in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa 2: 134-155.
  8. Lehtonen, S., Silvestro, D., Karger, D. N., Scotese, C., Tuomisto, H., Kessler, M., Peña, C., Wahlberg, N. & Antonelli, A. 2017: Environmentally driven extinction and opportunistic origination explain fern diversification patterns. Scientific Reports 7: 4831. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-05263-7 Open access
  9. Tóth, J. P., Varga, Z., Verovnik, R., Wahlberg, N., Váradi, A. & Bereczki, J. 2017: Mito-nuclear discordance helps to reveal the phylogeographic patterns of Melitaea ornata (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 267-281. doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blw037
  10. Twort , V. G., Dennis, A. B., Park, D., Lomas, K. F., Newcomb, R. D. & Buckley, T. R. 2017: Positive selection and comparative molecular evolution of reproductive proteins from New Zealand tree weta (Orthoptera, Hemideina). PLoSONE 12: e0188147. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188147 Open access
  11. Wang, H., Holloway, J. D., Janz, N., Braga, M. P., Wahlberg, N., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2017: Polyphagy and diversification in tussock moths: support for the oscillation hypothesis from extreme generalists. Ecology and Evolution 7: 7975-7986. doi:10.1002/ece3.3350 Open access
  12. Wibowo, A., Wahlberg, N. & Vasemägi, A. 2017: DNA Barcoding of fish larvae reveals uncharacterized biodiversity in tropical peat swamps of New Guinea, Indonesia. Marine & Freshwater Research 68: 1079-1087. doi:10.1071/MF16078
  13. Wu, C., Twort, V. G., Crowhurst, R. N., Newcomb, R. D. & Buckley, T. R. 2017: Assembling large genomes: analysis of the stick insect (Clitarchus hookeri) genome reveals a high repeat content and sex-biased genes associated with reproduction. BMC Genomics 18: 884. doi:10.1186/s12864-017-4245-x Open access
  14. Zenker, M. M., Wahlberg, N., Brehm, G., Teston, J. A., Przybylowicz, L., Pie, M. R. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2017: Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. Zoologica Scripta 46: 348-362. doi:10.1111/zsc.12202


  1. Aduse-Poku, K., Lees, D. C., Brattström, O., Kodandaramaiah, U., Wahlberg, N. & Brakefield, P. M. 2016: Molecular phylogeny and generic-level taxonomy of the widespread palaeotropical 'Heteropsis clade' (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Mycalesina). Systematic Entomology 41: 717-731. doi:10.1111/syen.12183
  2. Björkgren, I., Alvarez, L., Blank, N., Balbach, M., Turunen, H., Laajala, T. D., Toivanen, J., Krutskikh, A., Wahlberg, N., Huhtaniemi, I., Poutanen, M., Wachten, D. & Sipilä, P. 2016: Targeted inactivation of the mouse epididymal beta-defensin 41 alters sperm flagellar beat pattern and zona pellucida binding. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 427: 143-154. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2016.03.013
  3. Chazot, N., Willmott, K. R., Condamine, F. L., de-Silva, D. L., Freitas, A. V. L., Lamas, G., Morlon, H., Giraldo, C. E., Jiggins, C. D., Joron, M., Mallet, J., Uribe, S. & Elias, M. 2016: Into the Andes: multiple independent colonizations drive montane diversity in the Neotropical clearwing butterflies Godyridina. Molecular Ecology 25: 5765-5784. doi:10.1111/mec.13773
  4. Freitas, A. V. L., Barbosa, E. P., Willmott, K. R., Wahlberg, N. & Lamas, G. 2016: 'Species' from two different butterfly genera combined into one: description of a new genus of Euptychiina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) with unusually variable wing pattern. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 60: 157-165. doi:10.1016/j.rbe.2016.01.004 Open access
  5. Ghanavi, H. R., Gonzalez, E. G. & Doadrio, I. 2016: Phylogenetic relationships of freshwater fishes of the genus Capoeta (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in Iran. Ecology & Evolution 6: 8205-8222. doi:10.1002/ece3.2411
  6. Janz, N., Braga, M. P., Wahlberg, N. & Nylin, S. 2016: On oscillations and flutterings - a reply to Hamm and Fordyce. Evolution 70: 1150-1155. doi:10.1111/evo.12927
  7. Löfstedt, C., Wahlberg, N. & Millar, J. G. 2016: Evolutionary Patterns of Pheromone Diversity in Lepidoptera. - In: Allison, J.D. & Cardé, R.T. (eds.), pp. 43-78, Pheromone Communication in Moths: Evolution, Behavior and Application. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  8. Papakostas, S., Michaloudi, E., Proios, K., Brehm, M., Verhage, L., Rota, J., Peña, C., Stamou, G., Pritchard, V.L., Fontaneto, D., Declerck, S.A.J. 2016: Integrative taxonomy recognizes evolutionary units despite widespread mitonuclear discordance: evidence from a rotifer cryptic species complex. Systematic Biology 65: 508-524. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syw016
  9. Rönkä, K., Mappes, J., Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2016: Putting Parasemia in its phylogenetic place: a molecular analysis of the subtribe Arctiina (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 41: 844-853. doi:10.1111/syen.12194 Open access
  10. Rota, J., Peña, C. & Miller, S.E. 2016: The importance of long-distance dispersal in small insects: historical biogeography of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae). Journal of Biogeography 43: 1254-1265. doi:10.1111/jbi.12721
  11. Rota, J., Zacharczenko, B. V., Wahlberg, N., Zahiri, R., Schmidt, B. C. & Wagner, D. L. 2016: Phylogenetic relationships of Acronictinae with discussion of the abdominal courtship brush in Noctuidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 41: 416-429. doi:10.1111/syen.12162
  12. Sahoo, R. K., Warren, A. D., Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z., Lukhtanov, V. A. & Kodandaramaiah, U. 2016: Ten genes and two topologies: an exploration of higher relationships in skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae). PeerJ 4: e2653. doi:10.7717/peerj.2653 Open access
  13. Vesterinen, E. J., Ruokolainen, L., Wahlberg, N., Peña, C., Roslin, T., Laine, V. N., Vasko, V., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Norrdahl, K. & Lilley, T. M. 2016: What you need is what you eat? Prey selection by the bat Myotis daubentonii. Molecular Ecology 25: 1581-1594. doi:10.1111/mec.13564
  14. Wahlberg, N., Peña, C., Ahola, M., Wheat, C.W. & Rota, J. 2016: PCR primers for 30 novel gene regions in the nuclear genomes of Lepidoptera. ZooKeys 596: 129-141. doi:10.3897/zookeys.596.8399 Open access


  1. Aduse-Poku, K., Brattström, O., Kodandaramaiah, U., Lees, D. C., Brakefield, P. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: Systematics and historical biogeography of the Old World butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 167. doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0449-3 Open access
  2. Edger, P. P., Heidel-Fischer, H. M., Bekaert, M., Rota, J., Glöckner, G., Platts, A. E., Heckel, D. G., Der, J., Wafula, E., Tang, M., Hofberger, J. A., Smithson, A., Hall, J. C., Blanchette, M., Bureau, T. E., Wright, S. I., dePamphilis, C. W., Schranz, M. E., Barker, M. S., Conant, G. C., Wahlberg, N., Vogel, H., Pires, J. C. & Wheat, C. W. 2015: The butterfly plant arms-race escalated by gene and genome duplications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 8362-8366. doi:10.1073/pnas.1503926112 Open access
  3. Freitas, A. V. L., Lewinsohn, T. M., Magaldi, L. M. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: A new subspecies of Anthanassa (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Melitaeini) from Southeastern Brazil. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 69: 83-90. doi:0.18473/lepi.69i2.a9
  4. Heikkilä, M., Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N., Sihvonen, P. & Kaila, L. 2015: Elusive ditrysian phylogeny: an account of combining systematized morphology with molecular data (Lepidoptera). BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 260. doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0520-0 Open access
  5. Jaakkola, M., Ojanen, M., Hurme, E., Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N., Välimäki, P. & Kaitala, A. 2015: Morphological variation between populations of the expanding ectoparasitic Deer ked Lipoptena cervi (Diptera, Hippoboscidae) in Fennoscandia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116: 432-448. doi:10.1111/bij.12587
  6. Kaminski, L. A., Soares, G. R., Seraphim, N., Wahlberg, N., Marini-Filho, O. J. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2015: Natural history and systematic position of Rhetus belphegor (n. comb.) (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae), an endangered butterfly with narrow distribution in Southeast Brazil. Journal of Insect Conservation 19: 1141-1151. doi:10.1007/s10841-015-9829-7
  7. Kozak, K. M., Wahlberg, N., Neild, A., Dasmahapatra, K., Mallet, J. & Jiggins, C. D. 2015: Multilocus species trees show the recent adaptive radiation of the mimetic Heliconius butterflies. Systematic Biology 64: 505-524. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syv007 Open access
  8. Kristensen, N. P., Hilton, D. J., Kallies, A., Milla, L., Rota, J., Wahlberg, N., Wilcox, S. A., Glatz, R. V., Young, D. A., Cocking, G., Edwards, T., Gibbs, G. W. & Halsey, M. 2015: A new extant family of primitive moths from Kangaroo Island, Australia and its significance for understanding early Lepidoptera evolution. Systematic Entomology 40: 5-16. doi:10.1111/syen.12115 Open access
  9. Pellinen, M. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: A new species of Niganda Moore 1879, from Thailand and description of variation in the male genitalia and female facies of N. radialis Moore (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae, Ceirinae). Zootaxa 4033: 94-102. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4033.1.4
  10. Peña, C. & Espeland, M. 2015: Diversity dynamics in Nymphalidae butterflies: Effect of phylogenetic uncertainty on diversification rate shift estimates. PLoS ONE 10 (4): e0120928. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120928 Open access
  11. Peña, C., Witthauer, H., Kleckova, I., Fric, Z. & Wahlberg, N. 2015: Adaptive radiations in butterflies: Evolutionary history of the genus Erebia (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116: 449-467. doi:10.1111/bij.12597
  12. Rajaei, H. S., Greve, C., Letsch, H., Stüning, D., Wahlberg, N., Minet, J. & Misof, B. 2015: Advances in Geometroidea phylogeny, with characterization of a new family based on Pseudobiston pinratanai (Lepidoptera, Glossata). Zoologica Scripta 44: 418-436. doi:10.1111/zsc.12108
  13. Wang, H., Wahlberg, N., Holloway, J. D., Bergsten, J., Fan, X., Janzen, D. H., Hallwachs, W., Wen, L., Wang, M. & Nylin, S. 2015: Molecular phylogeny of Lymantriinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Erebidae) inferred from eight gene regions. Cladistics 31: 579-592. doi:10.1111/cla.12108


  1. Ahola, V., Lehtonen, R., Somervuo, P., Salmela, L., Koskinen, P., Rastas, P., Välimäki, N., Paulin, L., Kvist, J., Wahlberg, N., Tanskanen, J., Hornett, E. A., Ferguson, L. C., Luo, S., Cao, Z., de Jong, M. A., Duplouy, A., Smolander, O.-P., Vogel, H., McCoy, R. C., Qian, K., Chong, W. S., Zhang, Q., Ahmad, F., Haukka, J. K., Joshi, A., Salojärvi, J., Wheat, C. W., Grosse-Wilde, E., Hughes, D., Katainen, R., Pitkänen, E., Ylinen, J., Waterhouse, R. M., Turunen, M., Vähärautio, A., Schulman, A. H., Taipale, M., Lawson, D., Ukkonen, E., Mäkinen, V., Goldsmith, M. R., Holm, L., Auvinen, P., Frilander, M. J. & Hanski, I. 2014: The Glanville fritillary genome retains an ancient karyotype and reveals selective chromosomal fusions in Lepidoptera. Nature Communications 5: 4737. doi:10.1038/ncomms5737 Open access
  2. Freitas, A. V. L., Kaminski, L. A., Iserhard, C. A., Magaldi, L. M., Wahlberg, N., Silva-Brandão, K. L. & Marini-Filho, O. J. 2014: Paulogramma hydarnis (n. comb.) (Nymphalidae: Biblidinae): distribution, systematic position, and conservation status of a rare and endangered butterfly. Neotropical Entomology 43: 218-226. doi:10.1007/s13744-014-0200-6
  3. Gómez, I. C., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Broad, G. R., Puhakka, L., Castillo, C., Peña C. & Pádua, D. G. 2014: The Neotropical species of Xanthopimpla Saussure (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae). Zootaxa, 3774(1): 57–73. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3774.1.4 PDF
  4. Haapa-Paananen, S., Wahlberg, N. & Savilahti, H. 2014: Phylogenetic analysis of Maverick/Polinton giant transposons across organisms. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 78: 271-274. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.024
  5. Jusoh, W. A. F., Hashim, N. R., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Adam, N. A. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Species delineation of Malaysian mangrove fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) using DNA barcodes. Coleopterists’ Bulletin 68: 703-711. doi:10.1649/0010-065X-68.4.703
  6. Lehtinen, J., Honkola, T., Korhonen, K., Syrjänen, K., Wahlberg, N. & Vesakoski, O. 2014: Behind family trees: Secondary connections in Uralic language networks. Language Dynamics and Change 4: 189-221. doi:10.1163/22105832-00402007
  7. Malinga, G. M., Valtonen, A., Nyeko, P., Vesterinen, E. J. & Roininen, H. 2014: Bottom-up impact on the cecidomyiid leaf galler and its parasitism in a tropical rainforest. Oecologia 176: 511-520. doi:10.1007/s00442-014-3024-5
  8. Matos-Maraví, P. F., Núñez Águila, R., Peña, C., Miller, J. Y., Sourakov, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Causes of endemic radiation in the Caribbean: evidence from the historical biogeography and diversification of the butterfly genus Calisto (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 199. doi:10.1186/s12862-014-0199-7 Open access
  9. Mousavi, S. A., Österman, J., Wahlberg, N., Nesme, X., Lavire, C., Vial, L., Paulin, L., de Lajudie, P. & Lindström, K. 2014: Phylogeny of the Rhizobium-Allorhizobium-Agrobacterium clade supports the delineation of Neorhizobium gen. nov. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 37: 208-215. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2013.12.007
  10. Tóth, J. P., Bereczki, J., Varga, Z., Rota, J., Sramkó, G. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Relationships within the Melitaea phoebe species group (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): new insights from molecular and morphometric information. Systematic Entomology 39: 749-757. doi:10.1111/syen.12083
  11. Veikkolainen, V., Vesterinen, E. J., Lilley, T. M. & Pulliainen, A. T. 2014: Bats as reservoir hosts of human bacterial pathogen, Bartonella mayotimonensis. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(6): 960-967. doi:10.3201/eid2006.130956 Open access
  12. Wahlberg, N., Rota, J., Braby, M. F., Pierce, N. P. & Wheat, C. W. 2014: Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) based on molecular data. Zoologica Scripta 43: 641-650. doi:10.1111/zsc.12075
  13. Zaspel, J. M., Weller, S. J., Wardwell, C. T., Zahiri, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2014: Phylogeny and evolution of pharmacophagy in tiger moths (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). PLoS ONE 9(7): e101975. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101975 Open access


  1. Dinca, V., Wiklund, C., Lukhtanov, V. A., Kodandaramaiah, U., Norén, K., Dapporto, L., Wahlberg, N., Vila, R. & Friberg, M. 2013: Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic and ecological variation in a cryptic butterfly species complex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26(10): 2095-2106. doi:10.1111/jeb.12211 Open access
  2. Honkola, T., Vesakoski, O., Korhonen, K., Lehtinen, J., Syrjänen, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Cultural and climatic changes shape the evolutionary history of the Uralic languages. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26: 1244-1253. doi:10.1111/jeb.12107 Open access
  3. Kodandaramaiah, U., Simonsen, T. J., Bromilow, S., Wahlberg, N. & Sperling, F. A. H. 2013: Deceptive single-locus taxonomy and phylogeography: Wolbachia associated divergence in mitochondria DNA is not reflected in morphology and nuclear markers in a butterfly species. Ecology & Evolution, 3: 5167-5176. doi:10.1002/ece3.886 Open access
  4. Landvik, M., Wahlberg, N. & Roslin, T. 2013: The identity of the Finnish Osmoderma (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae) population established by COI sequencing. Entomologica Fennica, 24: 147-155. pdf
  5. Li S., Vasemägi A., Matos-Maraví P. & Ramula S. 2013: Development and testing of microsatellite loci for the invasive herb Lupinus polyphyllus through 454 pyrosequencing. Molecular Ecology Resources, 13(4): 760-762. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12121
  6. Malm, T., Johanson, K. A. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: The evolutionary history of Trichoptera (Insecta): A case of successful adaptation to life in freshwater. Systematic Entomology, 38: 459-473. doi:10.1111/syen.12016
  7. Matos-Maravi, P. F., Peña, C., Willmott, K. R., Freitas, A. V. L. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Systematics and evolutionary history of butterflies in the "Taygetis clade" (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Euptychiina): towards a better understanding of Neotropical biogeography. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66(1): 54-68. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.005
  8. Müller, C. J., Matos-Maraví, P. F. & Beheregaray, L. B. 2013: Delving into Delias Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): fine-scale biogeography, phylogenetics and systematics of the world's largest butterfly genus. Journal of Biogeography, 40: 881-893. doi:10.1111/jbi.12040
  9. Núñez Aguila, R., Matos-Maraví, P. F. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: New Calisto species from Cuba, with insights on the relationships of Cuban and Bahamian taxa (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Zootaxa, 3669: 503-521. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3669.4.5
  10. Ruohomäki, K., Klemola, T., Shaw, M. R., Snäll, N., Sääksjärvi, I. E., Veijalainen, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitizing Epirrita autumnata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) larvae in Fennoscandia with description of Cotesia autumnatae Shaw, sp. n. Entomologica Fennica, 24: 65-80. pdf
  11. Syrjänen, K., Honkola, T., Korhonen, K., Lehtinen, J., Vesakoski, O. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Shedding more light on language classification using basic vocabularies and phylogenetic methods: A case study of Uralic. Diachronica, 30: 323-352. doi:10.1075/dia.30.3.02syr
  12. Thalmann, O. , Shapiro, B., Cui, P., Schuenemann, V. J., Sawyer, S. K., Greenfield, D. L., Germonpré, M. B., Sablin, M. V., López-Giráldez, F., Domingo-Roura, X., Napierala, H., Uerpmann, H.-P., Loponte, D. M., Acosta, A. A., Giemsch, L., Schmitz, R. W., Worthington, B., Buikstra, J. E., Druzhkova, A., Graphodatsky, A. S., Ovodov, N. D., Wahlberg, N., Freedman, A.H., Schweizer, R.M., Koepfli, K.-P., Leonard, J. A., Meyer, M., Krause, J., Pääbo, S., Green, R. E. & Wayne, R. K. 2013: Complete mitochondrial genomes of ancient canids suggest a European origin of domestic dogs. Science 342: 871-874. doi:10.1126/science.1243650. See press reports.
  13. van Velzen, R., Wahlberg, N., Sosef, M. S. M. & Bakker, F. T. 2013: Effects of changing climate and host plant association on species diversification rates in Cymothoe (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) tropical forest butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 108: 546-564. doi:10.1111/bij.12012 Open access
  14. Vesterinen, E. J., Lilley, T., Laine, V. N. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Next Generation Sequencing of fecal DNA reveals the dietary diversity of the widespread insectivorous predator Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) in southwestern Finland. PLoS ONE, 8(11): e82168. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082168 Open access
  15. Wahlberg, N., Wheat, C. W. & Peña, C. 2013: Timing and patterns in the taxonomic diversification of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). PLoS ONE, 8(11): e80875. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080875 Open access
  16. Wheat, C. W. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Critiquing blind dating: the dangers of over-confident date estimates in comparative genomics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28: 636-642. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2013.07.007
  17. Wheat, C. W. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Phylogenomic insights into the Cambrian explosion, the colonization of land and the evolution of flight in Arthropoda. Systematic Biology, 62: 93-109. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys074 Open access
  18. Zahiri, R., Lafontaine, J. D., Holloway, J. D., Kitching, I. J., Schmidt, B. C., Kaila, L. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Major lineages of Nolidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) elucidated by molecular phylogenetics. Cladistics, 29: 337-359. doi:10.1111/cla.12001
  19. Zahiri, R., Lafontaine, J. D., Schmidt, B. C., Holloway, J. D., Kitching, I. J., Mutanen, M. & Wahlberg, N. 2013: Relationships among the basal lineages of Noctuidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on eight gene regions. Zoologica Scripta, 42(5): 488-507. doi:10.1111/zsc.12022


  1. Condamine, F. L., Sperling, F. A. H., Wahlberg, N., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Kergoat, G. J. 2012: What causes latitudinal gradients in species diversity? Evolutionary processes and ecological constraints on swallowtail biodiversity. Ecology Letters 15: 267-277. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01737.x
  2. Freitas, A. V. L., Wahlberg, N., Matos-Maravi, P. F., Marín, M. A. & Mielke, O. H. H. 2012: Euptychia boulleti (Le Cerf) n. comb. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), a rare and endangered butterfly from southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 41: 461-467. doi:10.1007/s13744-012-0073-5
  3. Heikkilä, M., Kaila, L., Mutanen, M., Peña, C. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Cretaceous origin and repeated Tertiary diversification of the redefined butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 279: 1093-1099. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1430 Open access
  4. Kodandaramaiah, U., Konvicka, M., Tammaru, T., Wahlberg, N. & Gotthard, K. 2012: Phylogeography of the threatened butterfly, the woodland brown Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 305-313. doi:10.1007/s10841-012-9465-4
  5. Lehtonen, S., Wahlberg, N. & Christenhusz, M. J. M. 2012: Diversification of the lindsaeoid ferns and phylogenetic uncertainty of early polypod relationships. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 170: 489-503. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01312.x
  6. Núñez Aguila, R., Oliva Plasencia, E., Matos Maravi, P. F. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Cuban Calisto (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), a review based on morphological and DNA data. ZooKeys 165: 57-105. doi:10.3897/zookeys.165.2206 Open access
  7. Nyman, T., Linder, H. P., Peña, C., Malm, T. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Climate-driven diversity dynamics in plants and plant-feeding insects. Ecology Letters, 15: 889-898. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01782.x Open access
  8. Penz, C., DeVries, P. J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Diversification of Morpho butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): a re-evaluation of morphological characters and new insight from DNA sequence. Systematic Entomology, 37(4): 670-685. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00636.x
  9. Peña, C. & Malm, T. 2012: VoSeq: a Voucher and DNA Sequence Web Application. PLoS ONE, 7(6): e39071. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039071 Open access
  10. Rainio, M. J., Kanerva, M., Wahlberg, N., Nikinmaa, M. & Eeva, T. 2012: Variation of basal EROD activities in ten passerine bird species - relationships with diet and migration status. PLoS ONE 7: e33926. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033926 Open access
  11. Rota, J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Exploration of data partitioning in an eight-gene dataset: phylogeny of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 536-546. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00551.x
  12. Salokannel, J., Wahlberg, N., Vesterinen, E. J., Martinez, J. & González, M. 2012: A taxonomic study of the caddisfly Oxyethira falcata Morton, 1893 (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) using genital morphology and DNA barcoding. Entomologica Fennica, 23: 199-205. pdf
  13. Shirai, L. T., Saenko, S. V., Keller, R. A., Jerónimo, M. A., Brakefield, P. M., Descimon, H., Wahlberg, N. & Beldade, P. 2012: Evolutionary history of the recruitment of conserved transcription factors in association to the formation and diversification of a novel trait. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12: 21. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-21 pdf Open access
  14. Veijalainen, A., Wahlberg, N., Broad, G. R., Erwin, T. L., Longino, J. T. & Sääksjärvi I. E. 2012: Unprecedented ichneumonid parasitoid wasp diversity in tropical forests. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences, 279(1748): 4694-4698. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.1664 Open access
  15. Zahiri, R., Holloway, J.D., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 102-124. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00607.x
  16. Zaspel, J.M., Zahiri, R., Hoy, M.A., Janzen, D., Weller, S.J. & Wahlberg, N. 2012: A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the vampire moths and their fruit-piercing relatives (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Calpinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65(2): 786-791. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.06.029


  1. de Jong, M. A., Wahlberg, N., van Eijk, M., Brakefield, P.M. & Zwaan, B.J. 2011: Mitochondrial DNA signature for range-wide populations of Bicyclus anynana suggests a rapid expansion from recent refugia. PLoS ONE 6: e21385. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021385 Open access
  2. Kodandaramaiah, U. 2011: Tectonic calibrations in molecular dating. Current Zoology 57: 116-124. pdf
  3. Kodandaramaiah, U., Weingartner, E., Janz, N., Dalén, L. & Nylin, S. 2011: Population structure in relation to host-plant ecology and Wolbachia infestation in the comma butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24: 2173-2185. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02352.x Open access
  4. Marin, M. A., Peña, C., Freitas, A. V. L., Wahlberg, N. & Uribe, S. I. 2011: From the phylogeny of the Satyrinae butterflies to the systematics of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): history, progress and prospects. Neotropical Entomology 40: 1-13. doi:10.1590/S1519-566X2011000100001
  5. Mullen, S. P., Savage, W. K., Wahlberg, N. & Willmott, K. 2011: Rapid diversification and not clade age explains high diversity in neotropical Adelpha butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 278: 1777-1785. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2140 Open access
  6. Peña, C. 2011: Métodos de inferencia filogenética. Revista peruana de Biología 18: 265-267. [Commentary] pdf
  7. Peña, C., Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: The radiation of Satyrini butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae): a challenge for phylogenetic methods. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 64-87. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00627.x
  8. Penz, C. M., Mohammadi, N. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: Neotropical Blepolenis butterflies: wing pattern elements, phylogeny, and Pleistocene diversification (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Zootaxa 2897: 1-17. pdf
  9. Pulido-B., H. W., Andrade-C., M. G., Peña, C., & Lamas, G. 2011: Two new taxa of Euptychia Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from the Andes of Colombia and Peru. Zootaxa 2906: 43-51. pdf
  10. van Nieukerken, E.J., Kaila, L., Kitching, I.J., Kristensen, N.P., Lees, D.C., Minet, J., Mitter, C., Mutanen, M., Regier, J.C., Simonsen, T.J., Wahlberg, N., Yen, S.-H., Zahiri, R., Adamski, D., Baixeras, J., Bartsch, D., Bengtsson, B.Å., Brown, J.W., Bucheli, S.R., Davis, D.R., De Prins, J., De Prins, W., Epstein, M.E., Gentili-Poole, P., Gielis, C., Hättenschwiler, P., Hausmann, A., Holloway, J.D., Kallies, A., Karsholt, O., Kawahara, A., Koster, J.C., Kozlov, M. V., Lafontaine, J. D., Lamas, G., Landry, J.-F., Lee, S., Nuss, M., Park, K.-T., Penz, C., Rota, J., Schmidt, B. C., Schintlmeister, A., Sohn, J. C., Solis, M. A., Tarmann, G. M., Warren, A. D., Weller, S., Yakovlev, V. R., Zolotuhin, V. V. & Zwick, A. 2011: Order Lepidoptera. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 212-221. pdf Open access
  11. Veijalainen, A., Broad, G. R., Wahlberg, N., Longino, J. T., Sääksjärvi, I. E. 2011: DNA barcoding and morphology reveal two common species in one: Pimpla molesta stat. rev. separated from P. croceipes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). ZooKeys 124: 59-70. doi:10.3897/zookeys.124.1780 Open access
  12. Wahlberg, N. & Rubinoff, D. 2011: Vagility across Vanessa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): mobility in butterfly species does not inhibit the formation and persistence of isolated sister taxa. Systematic Entomology 36: 362-370. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00566.x
  13. Wahlberg, N. & Rubinoff, D. 2011: Anomalous areas and awkward ages: alleviating concerns. Systematic Entomology 36: 604-606. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00590.x
  14. Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Belák, S., Meng, X. J. & Liu, L. 2011: The emergence of genotypes 3 and 4 hepatitis E virus in swine and human: a phylogenetic perspective. Archives of Virology 156: 121-124. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0818-6
  15. Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Qiu, H.-J., Belák, S., Widén, F. & Liu, L. 2011: No phylogenetic evidence to support Shimen strain as the parental strain of the lapinized Chinese strain (C-strain) vaccine against classical swine fever. Archives of Virology 156: 1041-1044. doi:10.1007/s00705-011-0948-5
  16. Zahiri, R., Kitching, I. J., Lafontaine, J. D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J. D. & Wahlberg, N. 2011: A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta 40: 158-173. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00459.x


  1. Brower, A. V. Z., Wahlberg, N., Ogawa, J. R., Boppré, M. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 2010: Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 75-89. doi:10.1080/14772001003626814 pdf
  2. Kodandaramaiah, U. 2010: Use of Dispersal-Vicariance analysis in biogeography - a critique. Journal of Biogeography 37: 3-11. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02221.x
  3. Kodandaramaiah, U., Lees, D. C., Müller, C. J., Torres, E., Karanth, P. K. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation of butterflies: the subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 172. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-172 pdf
  4. Kodandaramaiah, U., Peña, C., Braby, M., Grund, R., Müller, C. J., Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Phylogenetics of Coenonymphina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) and the problem of rooting rapid radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 386-394. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.012 pdf
  5. Liu, L., Xia, H., Baule, C., Belák, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Effects of methodology and analysis strategy on robustness of pestivirus phylogeny. Virus Research 147: 47-52. doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2009.10.004 pdf
  6. Müller, C. J., Wahlberg, N. & Beheregaray , L. B. 2010: 'After Africa' - The evolutionary history and systematics of the genus Charaxes Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Indo-Pacific Region. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 457-481. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01426.x pdf
  7. Mutanen, M., Wahlberg, N. & Kaila, L. 2010: Comprehensive gene and taxon coverage elucidates radiation patterns in moths and butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 277: 2839-2848. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0392 pdf Open access
  8. Peña, C., Nylin, S., Freitas, A. V. L. & Wahlberg, N. 2010: Biogeographic history of the butterfly subtribe Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Zoologica Scripta 39: 243-258. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00421.x pdf
  9. Salokannel, J., Rantala, M., & Wahlberg, N. 2010: DNA-barcoding clarifies species definitions of Finnish Apatania (Trichoptera: Apataniidae). Entomologica Fennica 21: 1-11. pdf
  10. Simonsen, T. J., Wahlberg, N., Warren, A. D. & Sperling, F. A. H. 2010: The evolutionary history of Boloria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): phylogeny, zoogeography and larval foodplant relationships. Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 513-529. doi:10.1080/14772000.2010.532833 pdf
  11. Wahlberg, N., Snäll, N., Viidalepp, J., Ruohomäki, K. & Tammaru, T. 2010: The evolution of female flightlessness among Ennominae of the Holarctic forest zone (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 929-938. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.025 pdf


  1. Aduse-Poku, K., Vingerhoedt, E. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Out-of-Africa again: a phylogenetic hypothesis of the genus Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on 5 gene regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 463-478. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.021 pdf
  2. Kodandaramaiah, U. 2009: Eyespot evolution - phylogenetic insights from Junonia and related butterfly genera (Nymphalidae: Junoniini). Evolution & Development 11: 489-497. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2009.00357.x.
  3. Kodandaramaiah, U. 2009: Vagility - the neglected component in historical biogeography. Evolutionary Biology 36: 327-335. doi:10.1007/s11692-009-9068-5 pdf.
  4. Kodandaramaiah, U., Vallin, A. & Wiklund, C. 2009: Fixed eyespot display in a butterfly thwarts attacking birds. Animal Behaviour 77: 1415-1419 doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.02.018 pdf.
  5. Kodandaramaiah, U. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Phylogeny and biogeography of Coenonympha butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) - patterns of colonization in the Holarctic. Systematic Entomology 34:315-323 doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00453.x pdf.
  6. Lehmann, L., Stadie, D. & Zahiri, R. 2009: Zum Winteraspekt der Makrolepidopterenfauna Südiran mit Anmerkungen zur Biologie einiger Arten (Lepidoptera: Bombycoidea, Papilionoidea, Geometroidea, Noctuoidea). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 30: 105-119.
  7. Leneveu, J., Chichvarkhin, A. & Wahlberg, N. 2009: Varying rates of diversification in the genus Melitaea (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) during the past 20 million years. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 97:346-361. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01208.x pdf.
  8. Liu, L., Xia, H., Wahlberg, N., Belák, S. & Baule, C. 2009: Phylogeny, classification and evolutionary insights into pestiviruses. Virology 385:351-357. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2008.12.004 pdf.
  9. Wahlberg, N., Leneveu, J., Kodandaramaiah, U., Peña, C., Nylin, S., Freitas, A. V. L. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2009: Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B Biological Sciences 276: 4295-4302. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1303 pdf Open access Online supporting material can be downloaded here, also the posterior distribution of BEAST trees is online doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1410861.
  10. Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E., Warren, A. D. & Nylin, S. 2009: Timing major conflict between mitochondrial and nuclear genes in species relationships of Polygonia butterflies (Nymphalidae: Nymphalini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:92. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-92 pdf Open access


  1. Fibiger, M., Stangelmaier, G., Wieser, C. & Zahiri, R. 2008: Dichonia jahannamah, a new species from Iran in the subgenus Griposia Tams, 1939 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Xyleninae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 28: 121-124.
  2. Friberg, M., Bergman, M., Kullberg, J., Wahlberg, N. & Wiklund, C. 2008: Niche separation in space and time between two sympatric sister species - a case of ecological pleiotropy. Evolutionary Ecology 22: 1-18. doi:10.1007/s10682-007-9155-y pdf.
  3. Khaghaninia, S., S. A. Mohamadi, A. Sarafrazi, K. Hadade Iraninejad, E. Ebrahimi, S. Alavikia & R. Zahiri 2008: Geometric morphometric approach on the sexual dimorphism of Cydia pomonella (Lep.: Tortricidae) in the North West of Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 28: 51-62.
  4. Matov, A., R. Zahiri & J. D. Holloway 2008: The Heliothinae of Iran (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Zootaxa 1763: 1-37. pdf
  5. Müller, G. C., V. D. Kravchenko, T. J. Witt, A. Junnila, J. Mooser, A. Saldaitis, K. Reshöft, P. Ivinskis, R. Zahiri & W. Speidel 2008: New Underwing taxa of the section of Catocala lesbia Christoph, 1887 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Acta zoologica Lituanica 18: 30-49. doi:10.2478/v10043-008-0008-x
  6. Nylin, S. & Wahlberg, N. 2008: Does plasticity drive speciation? Host plant shifts and diversification in nymphaline butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) during the tertiary. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94: 115-130. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.00964.x pdf.
  7. Peña, C. & Wahlberg, N. 2008: Prehistorical climate change increased diversification of a group of butterflies. Biology Letters 4: 274-278. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0062 pdf Open access Supplementary material.
  8. Silva Brandão, K. L., N. Wahlberg, R. B. Francini, A. M. L. Azeredo-Espin, K. S. Brown Jr., M. Paluch, D. C. Lees, and A. V. L. Freitas. 2008: Phylogenetic relationships of butterflies of the tribe Acraeini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) and the evolution of host plant use. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46:515-531 doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.024 pdf.
  9. Wahlberg, N., & Wheat, C. W. 2008: Genomic outposts serve the phylogenomic pioneers: designing novel nuclear markers for genomic DNA extractions of Lepidoptera. Systematic Biology 57: 231-242. doi:10.1080/10635150802033006 pdf, for list of primers see Molecular Methods or download Electronic Appendices.
  10. Zahiri, R. & Fibiger, M. 2008:< The Plusiinae of Iran (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología 36: 301-339.
  11. Zolotuhin, V. & Zahiri, R. 2008: The Lasiocampidae of Iran (Lepidoptera). Zootaxa 1791: 1-52. pdf


  1. Brooks, D.R., Bilewitch, J., Condy, C., Evans, D.C., Folinsbee, K.E., Fröbisch, J., Halas, D., Hill, S., McLennan, D.A., Mattern, M., Tsuji, L.A., Ward, J.L., Wahlberg, N., Zamparo, D., Zanatta, D., 2007: Quantitative phylogenetic analysis in the 21st century. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 78: 225-252 pdf.
  2. Brown Jr., K.S., Freitas, A.V.L., Wahlberg, N., von Schoultz, B., Saura, A.O., Saura, A. 2007: Chromosomal evolution in the South American Nymphalidae. Hereditas 144: 137-148. doi:10.1111/j.2007.0018-0661.02015.x pdf
  3. Fric, Z., Wahlberg, N., Pech, P. & Zrzavy, J. 2007: Phylogeny and classification of the Phengaris-Maculinea clade (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): total evidence and phylogenetic species concepts. Systematic Entomology 32:558-567. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2007.00387.x pdf
  4. Gatesy, J., DeSalle, R. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: How many genes should a systematist sample? Conflicting insights from a phylogenomic matrix. Systematic Biology 56: 355-363. doi:10.1080/10635150701294733 pdf
  5. Kodandaramaiah, U. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: Out-of-Africa origin and dispersal mediated diversification of the butterfly genus Junonia (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 2181-2191. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01425.x pdf
  6. Snäll, N., Tammaru, T., Wahlberg, N., Viidalepp, J., Ruohomäki, K., Savontaus, M.-L. & Huoponen, K. 2007: Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Operophterini (Lepidoptera, Geometridae): a case study of the evolution of female flightlessness. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92: 241-252. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00834.x pdf
  7. Viidalepp, J., Tammaru, T., Snäll, N., Ruohomäki, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2007: Cleorodes Warren, 1894 does not belong in the tribe Boarmiini (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). European Journal of Entomology 104:303-309. pdf
  8. Wahlberg, N. & Freitas, A. V. L. 2007: Colonization of and radiation in South America by butterflies in the subtribe Phyciodina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44:1257-1272 doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.04.012 pdf.
  9. Wahlberg, N. & Saccheri, I. 2007: The effects of Pleistocene glaciations on the phylogeography of Melitaea cinxia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). European Journal of Entomology 104: 675-684 pdf.
  10. Xia, H., Liu, L., Wahlberg, N., Baule, C. and Belák, S. 2007: Molecular phylogenetic analysis of bovine viral diarrhoea virus: a Bayesian approach. Virus Research 130:53-62 | doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2007.05.017 pdf.


  1. Freitas, A. V. L. & Peña, C. 2006: Description of Genus Guaianaza for "Euptychia" pronophila (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) with a description of the immature stages. Zootaxa 1163:49-59. pdf
  2. Janz, N., S. Nylin, & N. Wahlberg. 2006: Diversity begets diversity: host expansions and the diversification of plant-feeding insects. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6:4. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-6-4 pdf
  3. Peña, C., N. Wahlberg, E. Weingartner, U. Kodandaramaiah, S. Nylin, A. V. L. Freitas, and A. V. Z. Brower. 2006: Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40:29-49. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.02.007 pdf.
  4. Simonsen, T. J., Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z. & de Jong, R. 2006: Morphology, molecules and Fritillaries: approaching a stable phylogeny for Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution 37:405-418 pdf | doi:10.1163/187631206788831407
  5. Wahlberg, N. 2006: That awkward age for butterflies: insights from the age of the butterfly subfamily Nymphalinae. Systematic Biology 55:703-714. doi:10.1080/10635150600913235 pdf
  6. Weingartner, E., N. Wahlberg, & S. Nylin. 2006: Dynamics of host plant use and species diversity in Polygonia butterflies (Nymphalidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19:483-491. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.01009.x pdf
  7. Weingartner, E., N. Wahlberg, & S. Nylin. 2006: Speciation in Pararge (Satyrinae: Nymphalidae) butterflies - North Africa is the source of ancestral populations of all Pararge species. Systematic Entomology 31:621-632. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00333.x pdf


  1. Päivinen, J., Grapputo, A., Kaitala, V., Komonen, A., Kotiaho, J. S., Saarinen, K. & Wahlberg, N. 2005: Negative density-distribution relationship in butterflies. BMC Biology 3:5. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-3-5 pdf
  2. Peña, C. & G. Lamas. 2005: Revision of the butterfly genus Forsterinaria Gray, 1973 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Revista peruana biologia 12:5-48. PDF
  3. Wahlberg, N., M. F. Braby, A. V. Z. Brower, R. de Jong, M.-M. Lee, S. Nylin, N. Pierce, F. A. Sperling, R. Vila, A. D. Warren, & E. Zakharov. 2005: Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 272:1577-1586. doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3124 pdf Open access
  4. Wahlberg, N., Brower, A. V. Z. & Nylin, S. 2005: Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86:227-251. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2005.00531.x pdf


  1. Wahlberg, N., & Nylin, S. 2003: Morphology versus molecules: resolution of the positions of Nymphalis, Polygonia and related genera (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Cladistics 19:213-223. doi:10.1016/S0748-3007(03)00027-6 pdf
  2. Wahlberg, N., Oliveira, R. & Scott, J. A. 2003: Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variation and species delimitations. Systematic Entomology 28:257-273. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3113.2003.00212.x pdf
  3. Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E. & Nylin, S. 2003: Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473-484. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00052-6 pdf


  1. Wahlberg, N., Klemetti, T. & Hanski, I. 2002: Dynamic populations in a dynamic landscape: the metapopulation structure of the marsh fritillary butterfly. Ecography 25:224-232. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0587.2002.250210.x pdf
  2. Wahlberg, N., Klemetti, T., Selonen, V. & Hanski, I. 2002: Metapopulation structure and movements in five species of checkerspot butterflies. Oecologia 130:33-43. doi:10.1007/s004420100775 pdf


  1. Haikola, S., Fortelius, W., O'Hara, R., Kuussaari, M., Wahlberg, N., Saccheri, I. J., Singer, M. C. & Hanski, I. 2001: Inbreeding depression and the maintenance of genetic load in Melitaea cinxia metapopulations. Conservation Genetics 2:325-335. doi:10.1023/A:1012538329691 pdf
  2. Wahlberg, N. 2001: On the status of the scarce fritillary Euphydryas maturna (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Finland. Entomologica Fennica 12:244-250 pdf.
  3. Wahlberg, N. 2001: The phylogenetics and biochemistry of host plant specialization in melitaeine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 55:522-537. doi:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00786.x pdf.
  4. Wahlberg, N., Kullberg, J. & Hanski, I. 2001: Natural history of some Siberian melitaeine butterfly species (Nymphalidae: Melitaeini) and their parasitoids. Entomologica Fennica 12:72-77 pdf.


  1. Wahlberg, N. 2000: Comparative descriptions of the immature stages and ecology of five Finnish melitaeine butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologica Fennica 11:167-174 pdf.
  2. Wahlberg, N. & Zimmermann, M. 2000: Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mtDNA sequences. Cladistics 16:347-363 doi:10.1006/clad.2000.0136 pdf.
  3. Zimmermann, M., Wahlberg, N. & Descimon, H. 2000: Phylogeny of Euphydryas checkerspot butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93:347-355. doi:10.1603/0013-8746(2000)093[0347:POECBL]2.0.CO;2 pdf